William Crookes (1832-1919) and the Commercialization of Science

William Crookes (1832-1919) and the Commercialization of Science PDF Author: William Hodson Brock
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754663225
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 600
Book Description
William Crookes' long life was one of unbroken scientific and business activity, culminating in his appointment as President of the Royal Society in 1913. Discoverer of thallium, inventor of the radiometer, investigator of cathode rays, spiritualist, journalist, editor, businessman, celebrity: his extraordinary life and career provide a unique window into the world of Victorian and Edwardian science.

William Crookes (1832–1919) and the Commercialization of Science

William Crookes (1832–1919) and the Commercialization of Science PDF Author: William H. Brock
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351872869
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 586
Book Description
William Crookes' long life was one of unbroken scientific and business activity, culminating in his appointment as President of the Royal Society in 1913. Throughout his career he was an important science journalist, the discoverer of thallium, the inventor of the radiometer, investigator of cathode rays and the vacuum, a spectroscopist of significance in rare earth chemistry, and a spokesman for a chemical solution to the problems with the world's food supplies. He was also, and perhaps most controversially, an occultist who played a significant role in spiritualism in the 1870s, and was involved with D.D. Home (Browning's Mr Sludge) and other notable mediums of the day. Previous literature on Crookes has tended to focus on his involvement with the spiritualists, sometimes to the detriment of his many scientific achievements. This, the first biography of William Crookes, gives us the whole man: one of the most complex, public, and interesting figures in the history of science. Professor Brock guides us through the abundant catalogue of Crookes' accomplishments, placing his scientific activities in the context of the business of making a living from science - something that Crookes did principally as a science journalist and editor with his Chemical News (the model for today's Nature), and by business enterprises ranging from water analysis, sewerage schemes, and goldmining to the design of electric light bulbs. We also see Crookes in the lab, as an independent researcher, and learn the processes behind his discovery of thallium, his investigations into matter and energy, and his crucial work on cathode rays. We see the public man, the celebrity who was much sought after for his opinions on the latest discovery, and who was widely regarded as Britain's leading scientist at the beginning of the twentieth century. Scientist, spiritualist, entrepreneur: Sir William Crookes' extraordinary life and many endeavours provide a unique window into Victorian and Edwardian science and industry.

Sinnverlust und Sinnfindung am Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts

Sinnverlust und Sinnfindung am Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts PDF Author: Karin Wolgast
Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann
ISBN: 3826043669
Category : Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
Languages : de
Pages : 156
Book Description


The Making of Modern Science

The Making of Modern Science PDF Author: David Knight
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745657990
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 384
Book Description
Of all the inventions of the nineteenth century, the scientist is one of the most striking. In revolutionary France the science student, taught by men active in research, was born; and a generation later, the graduate student doing a PhD emerged in Germany. In 1833 the word 'scientist' was coined; forty years later science (increasingly specialised) was a becoming a profession. Men of science rivalled clerics and critics as sages; they were honoured as national treasures, and buried in state funerals. Their new ideas invigorated the life of the mind. Peripatetic congresses, great exhibitions, museums, technical colleges and laboratories blossomed; and new industries based on chemistry and electricity brought prosperity and power, economic and military. Eighteenth-century steam engines preceded understanding of the physics underlying them; but electric telegraphs and motors were applied science, based upon painstaking interpretation of nature. The ideas, discoveries and inventions of scientists transformed the world: lives were longer and healthier, cities and empires grew, societies became urban rather than agrarian, the local became global. And by the opening years of the twentieth century, science was spreading beyond Europe and North America, and women were beginning to be visible in the ranks of scientists. Bringing together the people, events, and discoveries of this exciting period into a lively narrative, this book will be essential reading both for students of the history of science and for anyone interested in the foundations of the world as we know it today.

The Ashgate Research Companion to Nineteenth-Century Spiritualism and the Occult

The Ashgate Research Companion to Nineteenth-Century Spiritualism and the Occult PDF Author: Tatiana Kontou
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131704228X
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 456
Book Description
Critical attention to the Victorian supernatural has flourished over the last twenty-five years. Whether it is spiritualism or Theosophy, mesmerism or the occult, the dozens of book-length studies and hundreds of articles that have appeared recently reflect the avid scholarly discussion of Victorian mystical practices. Designed both for those new to the field and for experts, this volume is organized into sections covering the relationship between Victorian spiritualism and science, the occult and politics, and the culture of mystical practices. The Ashgate Research Companion to Nineteenth-Century Spiritualism and the Occult brings together some of the most prominent scholars working in the field to introduce current approaches to the study of nineteenth-century mysticism and to define new areas for research.

The Chemistry Department at Imperial College London

The Chemistry Department at Imperial College London PDF Author: Hannah Gay
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783269758
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 584
Book Description
This is the first comprehensive history of the chemistry department at Imperial College London. Based on archival records, oral testimony, published papers, published and unpublished memoirs, the book tells the story of this world-famous department from its foundation as the Royal College of Chemistry in 1845 to the large department it had become by the year 2000. The book covers research, teaching, departmental governance, students and social life. It also highlights the extraordinary contributions made to the war effort in both the first and second world wars. From its first professors, A. Wilhelm Hofmann and Edward Frankland, the department has been home to many eminent chemists, including, in the later twentieth century, the Nobel laureates Derek Barton and Geoffrey Wilkinson. New information on these and many others is presented in a lively narrative that places both people and events in the larger historical contexts of chemistry, politics, culture and the economy. The book will interest not only those connected with Imperial College, but anyone interested in chemistry and its history, or in higher

The Victimization of Women

The Victimization of Women PDF Author: Michelle L. Meloy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199765103
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 203
Book Description
In The Victimization of Women, Michelle Meloy and Susan Miller present a balanced and comprehensive summary of the most significant research on the victimizations, violence, and victim politics that disproportionately affect women. They examine the history of violence against women, the surrounding debates, the legal reforms, the related media and social-service responses, and the current science on intimate-partner violence, stalking, sexual harassment, sexual assault, and rape. They augment these victimization findings with original research on women convicted of domestic battery and men convicted of sexual abuse and other sex-related offenses. In these new data, the authors explore the unanticipated consequences associated with changes to the laws governing domestic violence and the newer forms of sex-offender legislation. Based on qualitative data involving in-depth, offender-based interviews, and analyzing the circumstances surrounding arrests, victimizations, and experiences with the criminal justice system, The Victimization of Women makes great strides forward in understanding and ultimately combating violence against women.

The Chemical History of a Candle

The Chemical History of a Candle PDF Author: Michael Faraday
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199694915
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 204
Book Description
"With a facsimile reproduction of Faraday's manuscript lecture notes from Royal Institution MS F4 J21"

The Age of Scientific Naturalism

The Age of Scientific Naturalism PDF Author: Michael S Reidy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317318277
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 237
Book Description
The essays in this volume focus on the way Victorian Physicist John Tyndall and his correspondents developed their ideas through letters, periodicals and journals and challenge assumptions about who gained authority, and how they attained and defended their position within the scientific community.

Science Periodicals in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Science Periodicals in Nineteenth-Century Britain PDF Author: Gowan Dawson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022668346X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 424
Book Description
Periodicals played a vital role in the developments in science and medicine that transformed nineteenth-century Britain. Proliferating from a mere handful to many hundreds of titles, they catered to audiences ranging from gentlemanly members of metropolitan societies to working-class participants in local natural history clubs. In addition to disseminating authorized scientific discovery, they fostered a sense of collective identity among their geographically dispersed and often socially disparate readers by facilitating the reciprocal interchange of ideas and information. As such, they offer privileged access into the workings of scientific communities in the period. The essays in this volume set the historical exploration of the scientific and medical periodicals of the era on a new footing, examining their precise function and role in the making of nineteenth-century science and enhancing our vision of the shifting communities and practices of science in the period. This radical rethinking of the scientific journal offers a new approach to the reconfiguration of the sciences in nineteenth-century Britain and sheds instructive light on contemporary debates about the purpose, practices, and price of scientific journals.