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The Reconstruction Ku Klux Klan in York County, South Carolina, 1865-1877

The Reconstruction Ku Klux Klan in York County, South Carolina, 1865-1877 PDF Author: Jerry L. West
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 9780786443437
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 208
Book Description
The Reconstruction was to be a time of rebuilding and healing for the South following the Civil War, but was marked by the continued strong hatred and hostility between liberated African Americans and angry Ku Klux Klan members. This work deals with the Reconstruction-era Klan, a paramilitary group with political aims using violence and intimidation to achieve its goals. It addresses exclusively the Klan's activities in York County, South Carolina, during the years 1865-1877, and clarifies some misconceptions about the Reconstruction Klan and disentangles it from later organizations that used the same name.

The Reconstruction Ku Klux Klan in York County, South Carolina, 1865-1877

The Reconstruction Ku Klux Klan in York County, South Carolina, 1865-1877 PDF Author: Jerry L. West
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 9780786443437
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 208
Book Description
The Reconstruction was to be a time of rebuilding and healing for the South following the Civil War, but was marked by the continued strong hatred and hostility between liberated African Americans and angry Ku Klux Klan members. This work deals with the Reconstruction-era Klan, a paramilitary group with political aims using violence and intimidation to achieve its goals. It addresses exclusively the Klan's activities in York County, South Carolina, during the years 1865-1877, and clarifies some misconceptions about the Reconstruction Klan and disentangles it from later organizations that used the same name.

The Reconstruction Ku Klux Klan in York County, South Carolina, 1865-1877

The Reconstruction Ku Klux Klan in York County, South Carolina, 1865-1877 PDF Author: Jerry Lee West
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 9780786412587
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 226
Book Description
The Reconstruction was meant to be a time of rebuilding and healing for the South following the Civil War. But the Reconstruction, marked by the continued strong hatred and hostility between liberated African Americans and angry Ku Klux Klan members, was hardly a time of reconciliation for the South. This work deals with the Reconstruction-era Ku Klux Klan, a paramilitary group with political aims that used violence and intimidation to achieve its goals. It addresses exclusively the Klans activities in York County, South Carolina, during the years 1865-1877. It clarifies some misconceptions about the Reconstruction Klan and disentangles it from later organizations that used the same name. There are no reports of its burning crosses or persecuting Jews and Catholics and it has no connection to the Klan that appeared in the early part of the twentieth century or todays counterpart that marches under the Confederate flag. Throughout the Reconstruction, blacks and whites tried to out-shout each other in the new era of conversation, and, as shown in this work, made little progress in understanding, or trying to understand, each other.

Coming for to Carry Me Home

Coming for to Carry Me Home PDF Author: J. Michael Martinez
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442215003
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 334
Book Description
Coming for to Carry Me Home examines the concept of race in the United States from the 1830s, when the abolitionists rose to prominence, until the 1880s, when the Jim Crow regime commenced. J. Michael Martinez argues that Lincoln and the Radical Republicans were the pivotal actors, albeit not the architects, that influenced this evolution.

Carpetbaggers, Cavalry, and the Ku Klux Klan

Carpetbaggers, Cavalry, and the Ku Klux Klan PDF Author: James Michael Martinez
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742550780
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 292
Book Description
In some places, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was a social fraternity whose members enjoyed sophomoric hijinks and homemade liquor. In other areas, the KKK was a paramilitary group intent on keeping former slaves away from white women and Republicans away from ballot boxes. South Carolina saw the worst Klan violence and, in 1871, President Grant sent federal troops under the command of Major Lewis Merrill to restore law and order. Merrill did not eradicate the Klan, but they arguably did more than any other person or entity to expose the identity of the Invisible Empire as a group of hooded, brutish, homegrown terrorists. In compiling evidence to prosecute the leading Klansmen and by restoring at least a semblance of order to South Carolina, Merrill and his men demonstrated that the portrayal of the KKK as a chivalric organization was at best a myth, and at worst a lie. This is the story of the rise and fall of the Reconstruction-era Klan, focusing especially on Major Merrill and the Seventh Cavalry's efforts to expose the secrets of the Ku Klux Klan to the light of day.

Freedom on Trial

Freedom on Trial PDF Author: Scott Farris
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1493046365
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 392
Book Description
The Confederacy lost the Civil War but quickly began to win the peace when a mysterious organization arose called the Ku Klux Klan. The Ku Klux, as it was then called, sought to restore white supremacy by terrorizing the formerly enslaved to prevent them from voting or owning firearms. To support Black resistance to the KKK’s campaign of murder and mayhem, President Ulysses S. Grant suspended the writ of habeas corpus in large portions of South Carolina and sent the famed 7th Cavalry to make mass arrests. Grant’s new attorney general, the first former Confederate to serve in a presidential Cabinet and an ardent advocate for Black equality, Amos T. Akerman, aggressively prosecuted the Ku Klux in a series of sensational trials that shocked the nation and forced a reckoning regarding just how much the Civil War and the recently enacted Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments to the Constitution had changed America and its notions of citizenship. Highlighting forgotten Black and white civil rights pioneers and weaving in the story of the author’s own great-grandfather’s crimes as a member of the Ku Klux Klan, Freedom on Trial tells a gripping story of a moment pregnant with promise when race relations in the United States might have taken a dramatically different turn. It is a story that also offers a sober lesson for those engaged in the ongoing work of fulfilling the American promise of equality for all.

Patriots and Cosmopolitans

Patriots and Cosmopolitans PDF Author: John Fabian Witt
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674045289
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 417
Book Description
Ranging from the founding era to Reconstruction, from the making of the modern state to its post-New Deal limits, John Fabian Witt illuminates the legal and constitutional foundations of American nationhood through the stories of five patriots and critics. In their own way, each of these individuals came up against the power of American national institutions to shape the directions of legal change.

The Historical Origins of Terrorism in America

The Historical Origins of Terrorism in America PDF Author: Robert Kumamoto
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131791144X
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 330
Book Description
When we think of American terrorism, it is modern, individual terrorists such as Timothy McVeigh that typically spring to mind. But terrorism has existed in America since the earliest days of the colonies, when small groups participated in organized and unlawful violence in the hope of creating a state of fear for their own political purposes. Using case studies of groups such as the Green Mountain Boys, the Mollie Maguires, and the North Carolina Regulators, as well as the more widely-known Sons of Liberty and the Ku Klux Klan, Robert Kumamoto introduces readers to the long history of terrorist activity in America. Sure to incite discussion and curiosity in anyone studying terrorism or early America, The Historical Origins of Terrorism in America brings together some of the most radical groups of the American past to show that a technique that we associate with modern atrocity actually has roots much farther back in the country’s national psyche.

A Line of Blood and Dirt

A Line of Blood and Dirt PDF Author: Benjamin Hoy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0197528708
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 336
Book Description
The untold history of the multiracial making of the border between Canada and the United States. Often described as the longest undefended border in the world, the Canada-US border was born in blood, conflict, and uncertainty. At the end of the American Revolution, Britain and the United States imagined a future for each of their nations that stretched across a continent. They signed treaties with one another dividing lands neither country could map, much less control. A century and a half later, Canada and the United States had largely fulfilled those earlier ambitions. Both countries had built nations that stretched from the Atlantic to the Pacific and had made an expansive international border that restricted movement. The vision that seemed so clear in the minds of diplomats and politicians never behaved as such on the ground. Both countries built their border across Indigenous lands using hunger, violence, and coercion to displace existing communities and to disrupt their ideas of territory and belonging. The border's length undermined each nation's attempts at control. Unable to prevent movement at the border's physical location for over a century, Canada and the United States instead found ways to project fear across international lines They aimed to stop journeys before they even began.

Vale of Tears

Vale of Tears PDF Author: Edward J. Blum
Publisher: Mercer University Press
ISBN: 9780865549623
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 286
Book Description
Vale of Tears: New Essays in Religion and Reconstruction offers a window into the exciting work being done by historians, social scientists, and scholars of religious studies on the epoch of Reconstruction. A time of both peril and promise, Reconstruction in America became a cauldron of transformation and change. This collection argues that religion provided the idiom and symbol, as often the very substance, of those changes. The authors of this collection examine how African Americans and white Southerners, New England Abolitionists and former Confederate soldiers, Catholics and Protestants on both sides of the Mason-Dixon line brought their sense of the sacred into collaboration and conflict. Together, these essays mark an important new departure in a still-contested period of American history. Interdisciplinary in scope and content, it promises to challenge many of the traditional parameters of Reconstruction historiography. The range of contributors to the project, including Gaines Foster and Paul Harvey, will draw a great deal of attention from Southern historians, literary scholars, and scholars of American religion.

The Bloody South Carolina Election of 1876

The Bloody South Carolina Election of 1876 PDF Author: Jerry L. West
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 0786459840
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 222
Book Description
For more than 10 years after the close of the Civil War, South Carolina experienced unrest, disenfranchisement and military occupation under Republican Party rule. This book examines the gubernatorial election of 1876, in which the state’s most celebrated Civil War general created a united front in the Democratic Party and wrested control of politics from the Republicans. Of particular note are the ways in which the race, with its disqualified ballots, delays and wrangling, prefigured the 2000 election. For four months, the state endured two warring Houses of Representatives and teetered on the brink of civil war until Washington intervened.