The Optimism Bias

The Optimism Bias PDF Author: Tali Sharot
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307379833
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
Book Description
Psychologists have long been aware that most people maintain an irrationally positive outlook on life—but why? Turns out, we might be hardwired that way. In this absorbing exploration, Tali Sharot—one of the most innovative neuroscientists at work today—demonstrates that optimism may be crucial to human existence. The Optimism Bias explores how the brain generates hope and what happens when it fails; how the brains of optimists and pessimists differ; why we are terrible at predicting what will make us happy; how emotions strengthen our ability to recollect; how anticipation and dread affect us; how our optimistic illusions affect our financial, professional, and emotional decisions; and more. Drawing on cutting-edge science, The Optimism Bias provides us with startling new insight into the workings of the brain and the major role that optimism plays in determining how we live our lives.

The Optimism Bias

The Optimism Bias PDF Author: Tali Sharot
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1780333943
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 272
Book Description
Winner of the British Psychological Society Book Award for Popular Psychology Psychologists have long been aware that most people tend to maintain an irrationally positive outlook on life. In fact, optimism may be crucial to our existence. Tali Sharot's original cognitive research demonstrates in surprising ways the biological basis for optimism. In this fascinating exploration, she takes an in-depth, clarifying look at how the brain generates hope and what happens when it fails; how the brains of optimists and pessimists differ; why we are terrible at predicting what will make us happy; how anticipation and dread affect us; and how our optimistic illusions affect our financial, professional, and emotional decisions. With its cutting-edge science and its wide-ranging and accessible narrative, The Optimism Bias provides us with startling new insight into how the workings of the brain create our hopes and dreams.

The Effect of Optimism Bias on the Decision to Terminate Failing Projects

The Effect of Optimism Bias on the Decision to Terminate Failing Projects PDF Author: Werner G. Meyer
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Decision making
Languages : en
Pages : 14
Book Description
This research presents the findings from an experiment that invesigated to what extent decision makers suffer from optimism bias when escalating a commitment to failing projects; 345 individuals, involved in project decision making, participated in the experiment. A new form of optimism bias, namely post-project optimism bias, is defined. Post-project optimism is an overly optimistic belief that a project will deliver better business benefits than what was planned or that can be proven. It is further confirmed that both post-project and in-project optimism biases have significant effects on the escalation of commitment to failing projects.

The Role of Optimism Bias in Criminal Decision-making

The Role of Optimism Bias in Criminal Decision-making PDF Author: Ann-Kathrin Kexel
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description


Updating the Evidence Behind the Optimism Bias Uplifts for Transport Appraisals

Updating the Evidence Behind the Optimism Bias Uplifts for Transport Appraisals PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description


Cognitive Biases in Health and Psychiatric Disorders

Cognitive Biases in Health and Psychiatric Disorders PDF Author: Tatjana Aue
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128166614
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 306
Book Description
Cognitive Biases in Health and Psychiatric Disorders: Neurophysiological Foundations focuses on the neurophysiological basis of biases in attention, interpretation, expectancy and memory. Each chapter includes a review of each specific bias, including both positive and negative information in both healthy individuals and psychiatric populations. This book provides readers with major theories, methods used in investigating biases, brain regions associated with the related bias, and autonomic responses to specific biases. Its end goal is to provide a comprehensive overview of the neural, autonomic and cognitive mechanisms related to processing biases. Outlines neurophysiological research on diverse types of information processing bias, including attention bias, expectancy bias, interpretation bias, and memory bias Discusses both normal and pathological forms of each cognitive biases Provides specific examples on how to translate research on cognitive biases to clinical applications

Downward Comparison Theory of Optimism Bias

Downward Comparison Theory of Optimism Bias PDF Author: Belinda Sayegh
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 128
Book Description


Rainy Brain, Sunny Brain

Rainy Brain, Sunny Brain PDF Author: Elaine Fox
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1409022994
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 272
Book Description
Are you optimistic or pessimistic? Glass half-full or half-empty? Do you look on the bright side or turn towards the dark? These are easy questions for most of us to answer, because our personality types are hard-wired into our brains. As pioneering psychologist and neuroscientist Elaine Fox has discovered, our outlook on life reflects our primal inclination to seek pleasure or avoid danger—inclinations that, in many people, are healthily balanced. But when our 'fear brain' or 'pleasure brain' is too strong, the results can be disastrous, as those of us suffering from debilitating shyness, addiction, depression, or anxiety know all too well. Luckily, anyone suffering from these afflictions has reason to hope. Stunning breakthroughs in neuroscience show that our brains are more malleable than we ever imagined. In Rainy Brain, Sunny Brain, Fox describes a range of techniques—from traditional cognitive behavioural therapy to innovative cognitive bias retraining exercises—that can actually alter our brains’ circuitry, strengthening specific thought processes by exercising the neural systems that control them. The implications are enormous: lifelong pessimists can train themselves to think positively and find happiness, while pleasure-seekers inclined toward risky or destructive behavior can take control of their lives. Drawing on her own cutting-edge research, Fox shows how we can retrain our brains to brighten our lives and learn to flourish. With keen insights into how genes, life experiences and cognitive processes interleave together to make us who we are, Rainy Brain, Sunny Brain revolutionises our basic concept of individuality. We learn that we can influence our own personalities, and that our lives are only as 'sunny' or as 'rainy' as we allow them to be.

SUPPLEMENTARY GREEN BOOK GUIDANCE

SUPPLEMENTARY GREEN BOOK GUIDANCE PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description


Peer Review Optimism Bias Research - Final Report

Peer Review Optimism Bias Research - Final Report PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description