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The Optimism Bias

The Optimism Bias PDF Author: Tali Sharot
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307379833
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
Book Description
Psychologists have long been aware that most people maintain an irrationally positive outlook on life—but why? Turns out, we might be hardwired that way. In this absorbing exploration, Tali Sharot—one of the most innovative neuroscientists at work today—demonstrates that optimism may be crucial to human existence. The Optimism Bias explores how the brain generates hope and what happens when it fails; how the brains of optimists and pessimists differ; why we are terrible at predicting what will make us happy; how emotions strengthen our ability to recollect; how anticipation and dread affect us; how our optimistic illusions affect our financial, professional, and emotional decisions; and more. Drawing on cutting-edge science, The Optimism Bias provides us with startling new insight into the workings of the brain and the major role that optimism plays in determining how we live our lives.

The Optimism Bias

The Optimism Bias PDF Author: Tali Sharot
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307379833
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
Book Description
Psychologists have long been aware that most people maintain an irrationally positive outlook on life—but why? Turns out, we might be hardwired that way. In this absorbing exploration, Tali Sharot—one of the most innovative neuroscientists at work today—demonstrates that optimism may be crucial to human existence. The Optimism Bias explores how the brain generates hope and what happens when it fails; how the brains of optimists and pessimists differ; why we are terrible at predicting what will make us happy; how emotions strengthen our ability to recollect; how anticipation and dread affect us; how our optimistic illusions affect our financial, professional, and emotional decisions; and more. Drawing on cutting-edge science, The Optimism Bias provides us with startling new insight into the workings of the brain and the major role that optimism plays in determining how we live our lives.

The Optimism Bias

The Optimism Bias PDF Author: Tali Sharot
Publisher: Constable
ISBN: 9781780332635
Category : Neuropsychology
Languages : en
Pages : 245
Book Description
Winner of the British Psychological Society Book Award for Popular Psychology Psychologists have long been aware that most people tend to maintain an irrationally positive outlook on life. In fact, optimism may be crucial to our existence. Tali Sharot's original cognitive research demonstrates in surprising ways the biological basis for optimism. In this fascinating exploration, she takes an in-depth, clarifying look at how the brain generates hope and what happens when it fails; how the brains of optimists and pessimists differ; why we are terrible at predicting what will make us happy; how anticipation and dread affect us; and how our optimistic illusions affect our financial, professional, and emotional decisions. With its cutting-edge science and its wide-ranging and accessible narrative, The Optimism Bias provides us with startling new insight into how the workings of the brain create our hopes and dreams.

Drei Abhandlungen Zur Sexualtheorie

Drei Abhandlungen Zur Sexualtheorie PDF Author: Sigmund Freud
Publisher: Library of Alexandria
ISBN: 1465592792
Category : Psychoanalysis
Languages : de
Pages : 86
Book Description
Nachdem ich durch ein Jahrzehnt Aufnahme und Wirkung dieses Buches beobachtet, mšchte ich dessen dritte Auflage mit einigen Vorbemerkungen versehen, die gegen Mi§verstŠndnisse und unerfŸllbare AnsprŸche an dasselbe gerichtet sind. Es sei also vor allem betont, da§ die Darstellung hierin durchweg von der alltŠglichen Šrztlichen Erfahrung ausgeht, welche durch die Ergebnisse der psychoanalytischen Untersuchung vertieft und wissenschaftlich bedeutsam gemacht werden soll. Die drei ÈAbhandlungen zur SexualtheorieÇ kšnnen nichts anderes enthalten, als was die Psychoanalyse anzunehmen nštigt oder zu bestŠtigen gestattet. Es ist darum ausgeschlossen, da§ sie sich jemals zu einer ÈSexualtheorieÇ erweitern lie§en, und begreiflich, da§ sie zu manchen wichtigen Problemen des Sexuallebens Ÿberhaupt nicht Stellung nehmen. Man wolle aber darum nicht glauben, da§ diese Ÿbergangenen Kapitel des gro§en Themas dem Autor unbekannt geblieben sind oder von ihm als nebensŠchlich vernachlŠssigt wurden. Die AbhŠngigkeit dieser Schrift von den psychoanalytischen Erfahrungen, die zu ihrer Abfassung angeregt haben, zeigt sich aber nicht nur in der Auswahl, sondern auch in der Anordnung des Stoffes. †berall wird ein gewisser Instanzenzug eingehalten, werden die akzidentellen Momente vorangestellt, die dispositionellen im Hintergrunde gelassen und wird die ontogenetische Entwicklung vor der phylogenetischen berŸcksichtigt. Das Akzidentelle spielt nŠmlich die Hauptrolle in der Analyse, es wird durch sie fast restlos bewŠltigt; das Dispositionelle kommt erst hinter ihm zum Vorschein als etwas, was durch das Erleben geweckt wird, dessen WŸrdigung aber weit Ÿber das Arbeitsgebiet der Psychoanalyse hinausfŸhrt.

Bullshift

Bullshift PDF Author: John J. De Goey
Publisher: Dundurn
ISBN: 1459750926
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 146
Book Description
People are unwittingly taking risks with their investments by entrusting them to advisers who are biased but don’t know it. Does your financial adviser tell you to hold on and never sell? That markets recover in the long run? Does your adviser seem to always have an optimistic disposition? Do they tell you not to worry, no matter what is going on in the outside world? In Bullshift, John J. De Goey explores the hidden relationship between bias and financial markets. He makes clear that investors and financial advisers are not the rational decision makers that economic theory assumes them to be, and that “tried and true” investment advice is not always sound. De Goey shows that advisers are immersed in a culture of Bullshift — they simply don’t realize how their positive outlook on markets is based on industry-wide groupthink. Unfortunately, this problem affects much more than just your own investment portfolio. After three years of an international pandemic, the full economic impact of the response to it still hasn’t been felt. There’s more pain coming, but the financial industry’s eternal optimism, abetted by government policies designed to consistently encourage growth and avoid tough choices, is walking us toward a cliff for the global economy. De Goey helps readers understand the subtle but profound challenges of industry bias, with optimism bias as a particularly vexing issue. The next downturn may be deeper than anything you or your adviser has ever experienced. True optimism comes from a shift to unbiased realism.

Managing Construction Projects

Managing Construction Projects PDF Author: Graham M. Winch
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444314696
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 544
Book Description
Project management is of critical importance in construction, yetits execution poses major challenges. In order to keep a project ontrack, decisions often have to be made before all the necessaryinformation is available. Drawing on a wide range of research, Managing ConstructionProjects proposes new ways of thinking about project managementin construction, exploring the skills required to manageuncertainty and offering techniques for thinking about thechallenges involved. The second edition takes the informationprocessing perspective introduced in the first edition and developsit further. In particular, this approach deepens the reader’sunderstanding of the dynamics in the construction project process– from the value proposition inherent in the project mission,to the functioning asset that generates value for its owners andusers. Managing Construction Projects is a unique andindispensible contribution to the available literature onconstruction project management. It will be of particular benefitto advanced students of construction and construction projectmanagement, as well as contractors and quantity surveyors. Reviews of the First edition: "A massive review of the art and science of the management ofprojects that has the great virtue of being a good read wherever itis touched. It spills the dirt on things that went wrong,elucidates the history so you can understand the industry's currentstance, draws on other countries experience and explains the latestmanagement processes. Throughout it is liberally sprinkled withanecdotes and case histories which amply illustrate the dos anddon't for practitioners wishing to deliver projects on time toexpected quality and price. A valuable book for students andpractitioners alike." —John D Findlay, Director, Stent "This is a valuable source for practitioners and students. Itcovers the A-Z of project management in a confident contemporarymanner, and provides a powerful and much needed conceptualperspective in place of a purely prescriptive approach. Theengaging presentation introduces a range of challenges toestablished thinking about project management, often by makingcomparisons between practices in the UK and those of othercountries." —Peter Lansley, Professor of Construction Management,University of Reading "A refreshing and unique study of information management and itsimpact upon international construction project management.... Thebook is well presented and written, logical and succinct and isflexible enough to allow readers to either read from start tofinish or to dip into selected chapters. This book deserves to bean established text for any construction or civil engineering under- and/or postgraduate course." —CNBR, 25th November 2003 "Generous use is made of anecdotes andc case historiesthroughout to support the theory. the book illustrates the mistakesmade by others, and the means to deliver projects on time and tocost." —Building Services Journal, April 2004

Traffic and Transport Psychology

Traffic and Transport Psychology PDF Author: Geoffrey Underwood
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080550797
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 656
Book Description
Just as our transport systems become more and more important to our economic and social well-being, so they become more and more crowded and more at risk from congestion, disruption, and collapse. Technology and engineering can provide part of the solution, but the complete solution will need to take account of the behaviour of the users of the transport networks. The role of psychologists in this is to understand how people make decisions about the alternative modes of transport and about the alternative routes to their destinations, to understand how novice and other vulnerable users can develop safe and effective behaviours, how competent users can operate within the transport system optimally and within their perceptual and cognitive limitations. The contributions to this volume address these issues of how the use of our transport systems can be improved by taking into account knowledge of the behaviour of the people who use the systems. Topics discussed include driver training and licensing, driver impairment, road user attitudes and behaviour, enforcement and behaviour change, driver support systems, and the psychology of mobility and transport mode choice. This work will be of value not only to psychologists but to all transport professionals interested in the application of psychology to traffic.

Private finance projects and off-balance sheet debt

Private finance projects and off-balance sheet debt PDF Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: Select Committee on Economic Affairs
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780108459634
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 330
Book Description
A report that recommends a reform of the way, financial liabilities arising from private finance projects (PFPs) are treated in public accounts. It also deals with the growth in the secondary market for PFPs where investors sell on their stake in a project, in many cases once the construction period of that project has been completed.

Teaching Realistic Optimism

Teaching Realistic Optimism PDF Author: Ginna Guiang Myers
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1475856857
Category : Optimism
Languages : en
Pages : 121
Book Description
"Teaching Realistic Optimism: How to Approach Teaching and Learning with Hope covers topics associated with developing a realistic, optimistic mindset. It shares strategies and ways of thinking to address negativity bias, rumination, catastrophization, and ways of thinking and feeling that sabotage attempts to claim joy out of any situation"--

The Influential Mind

The Influential Mind PDF Author: Tali Sharot
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1408706083
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 256
Book Description
Selected as a best book of 2017 by Forbes, The Times, Huffington Post, Bloomberg, Greater Good Magazine, Stanford Business School and more. 'A timely, intriguing book' Adam Grant, New York Times bestselling author of Originals and Give and Take 'This profound book will change your life. An instant classic' Cass R. Sunstein, bestselling co-author of Nudge Part of our daily job as humans is to influence others; we teach our children, guide our patients, advise our clients, help our friends and inform our online followers. We do this because we each have unique experiences and knowledge that others may not. But how good are we at this role? It turns out we systematically fall back on suboptimal habits when trying to change other's beliefs and behaviors. Many of these instincts-from trying to scare people into action, to insisting the other is wrong or attempting to exert control-are ineffective, because they are incompatible with how the mind operates.

The Law and Economics of Irrational Behavior

The Law and Economics of Irrational Behavior PDF Author: Francesco Parisi
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804751445
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 634
Book Description
This collection of essays explores the most relevant developments at the interface of economics and psychology, giving special attention to models of irrational behavior, and draws the relevant implications of such models for the design of legal rules and institutions. The application of economic models of irrational behavior to law is especially challenging because specific departures from rational behavior differ markedly from one another. Furthermore, the analytical and deductive instruments of economic theory have to be reshaped to deal with the fragmented and heterogeneous findings of psychological research, turning towards a more experimental and inductive methodology. This volume brings together pioneering scholars in this area, along with some of the most exciting developments in the field of legal and economic theory. Areas of application include criminal law and sentencing, tort law, contract law, corporate law, and financial markets.