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The Life of Sir William Crookes, O.M., F.R.S.

The Life of Sir William Crookes, O.M., F.R.S. PDF Author: Edmund Edward Fournier d'Albe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108061591
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 445
Book Description
This 1923 biography of Sir William Crookes (1832-1919) explores his wide-ranging scientific career through diary extracts and letters.

The Life of Sir William Crookes, O.M., F.R.S.

The Life of Sir William Crookes, O.M., F.R.S. PDF Author: Edmund Edward Fournier d'Albe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108061591
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 445
Book Description
This 1923 biography of Sir William Crookes (1832-1919) explores his wide-ranging scientific career through diary extracts and letters.

The Other World

The Other World PDF Author: Janet Oppenheim
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521347679
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 536
Book Description
A study of the public fascination with spiritualism and psychical research in Victorian and Edwardian times.

Flash of the Cathode Rays

Flash of the Cathode Rays PDF Author: Per F Dahl
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482268469
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 526
Book Description
The electron is fundamental to almost all aspects of modern life, controlling the behavior of atoms and how they bind together to form gases, liquids, and solids. Flash of the Cathode Rays: A History of J.J. Thomson's Electron presents the compelling story of the discovery of the electron and its role as the first subatomic particle in nature. The book traces the evolution of the concept of electrical charge, from the earliest glow discharge studies to the final cathode ray and oil drop experiments of J.J. Thomson and Robert Millikan. It also provides an overview of the history of modern physics up to the advent of the old quantum theory around 1920. Consolidating scholarly material while incorporating new material discovered by the well-respected author, the book covers the continental and English race for the source of the cathode rays, culminating in Thomson's corpuscle in 1897. It explores the events leading to Millikan's unambiguous isolation of the electron and the simultaneous circumstances surrounding the birth of Ernest Rutherford's nuclear atom and the discovery of radioactivity in 1896. The author also focuses on the controversies over N-rays, Becquerel's positive electron, and the famous Ehrenhaft-Millikan dispute over subelectrons. Scholarly yet accessible to those with basic physics knowledge, this book should be of interest to historians of science, professional scientists and engineers, teachers and students of physics, and general readers interested in the development of modern physics.

The Diamond Makers

The Diamond Makers PDF Author: Robert M. Hazen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521654746
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 270
Book Description
A compelling narrative relating the dramatic history of diamond making.

The Invention of Telepathy, 1870-1901

The Invention of Telepathy, 1870-1901 PDF Author: Professor in Modern and Contemporary Literature Roger Luckhurst
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199249626
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 346
Book Description
The Invention of Telepathy explores one of the enduring concepts to emerge from the late nineteenth century. Telepathy was coined by Frederic Myers in 1882. He defined it as 'the communication of any kind from one mind to another, independently of the recognised channels of sense'. By 1901 it had become a disputed phenomenon amongst physical scientists yet was the 'royal road' to the unconscious mind. Telepathy was discussed by eminent men and women of the day, including Sigmund Freud, Thomas Huxley, Henry and William James, Mary Kingsley, Andrew Lang, Vernon Lee, W.T. Stead, and Oscar Wilde. Did telepathy signal evolutionary advance or possible decline? Could it be a means of binding the Empire closer together, or was it used by natives to subvert imperial communications? Were women more sensitive than men, and if so why? Roger Luckhurst investigates these questions in a study that mixes history of science with cultural history and literary analysis.

An Elusive Victorian

An Elusive Victorian PDF Author: Martin Fichman
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226246159
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 416
Book Description
Codiscoverer of the theory of evolution by natural selection, Alfred Russel Wallace should be recognized as one of the titans of Victorian science. Instead he has long been relegated to a secondary place behind Darwin. Worse, many scholars have overlooked or even mocked his significant contributions to other aspects of Victorian culture. With An Elusive Victorian, Martin Fichman provides the first comprehensive analytical study of Wallace's life and controversial intellectual career. Fichman examines not only Wallace's scientific work as an evolutionary theorist and field naturalist but also his philosophical concerns, his involvement with theism, and his commitment to land nationalization and other sociopolitical reforms such as women's rights. As Fichman shows, Wallace worked throughout his life to integrate these humanistic and scientific interests. His goal: the development of an evolutionary cosmology, a unified vision of humanity's place in nature and society that he hoped would ensure the dignity of all individuals. To reveal the many aspects of this compelling figure, Fichman not only reexamines Wallace's published works, but also probes the contents of his lesser known writings, unpublished correspondence, and copious annotations in books from his personal library. Rather than consider Wallace's science as distinct from his sociopolitical commitments, An Elusive Victorian assumes a mutually beneficial relationship between the two, one which shaped Wallace into one of the most memorable characters of his time. Fully situating Wallace's wide-ranging work in its historical and cultural context, Fichman's innovative and insightful account will interest historians of science, religion, and Victorian culture as well as biologists.

Dictionary of Nineteenth-century Journalism in Great Britain and Ireland

Dictionary of Nineteenth-century Journalism in Great Britain and Ireland PDF Author: Laurel Brake
Publisher: Academia Press
ISBN: 9038213409
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 1059
Book Description
A large-scale reference work covering the journalism industry in 19th-Century Britain.

Life of Sir John Lubbock, Lord Avebury

Life of Sir John Lubbock, Lord Avebury PDF Author: Horace G. Hutchinson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108076467
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 357
Book Description
Published in 1914, this two-volume biography celebrates the achievements of the banker, politician and scientist Sir John Lubbock (1834-1913).

Reconciling Science and Religion

Reconciling Science and Religion PDF Author: Peter J. Bowler
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226068595
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 494
Book Description
Although much has been written about the vigorous debates over science and religion in the Victorian era, little attention has been paid to their continuing importance in early twentieth-century Britain. Reconciling Science and Religion provides a comprehensive survey of the interplay between British science and religion from the late nineteenth century to World War II. Peter J. Bowler argues that unlike the United States, where a strong fundamentalist opposition to evolutionism developed in the 1920s (most famously expressed in the Scopes "monkey trial" of 1925), in Britain there was a concerted effort to reconcile science and religion. Intellectually conservative scientists championed the reconciliation and were supported by liberal theologians in the Free Churches and the Church of England, especially the Anglican "Modernists." Popular writers such as Julian Huxley and George Bernard Shaw sought to create a non-Christian religion similar in some respects to the Modernist position. Younger scientists and secularists—including Rationalists such as H. G. Wells and the Marxists—tended to oppose these efforts, as did conservative Christians, who saw the liberal position as a betrayal of the true spirit of their religion. With the increased social tensions of the 1930s, as the churches moved toward a neo-orthodoxy unfriendly to natural theology and biologists adopted the "Modern Synthesis" of genetics and evolutionary theory, the proposed reconciliation fell apart. Because the tensions between science and religion—and efforts at reconciling the two—are still very much with us today, Bowler's book will be important for everyone interested in these issues.

Physics and Psychics

Physics and Psychics PDF Author: Richard Noakes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107188547
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 421
Book Description
Noakes' revelatory analysis of Victorian scientists' fascination with psychic phenomena connects science, the occult and religion in intriguing new ways.