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The Bible, Violence, and the Sacred

The Bible, Violence, and the Sacred PDF Author: James G. Williams
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1556356366
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 310
Book Description
This book represents the first comprehensive application to the whole Bible of RenŽ Girard's theories on violence, civilization, and religion.

The Bible, Violence, and the Sacred

The Bible, Violence, and the Sacred PDF Author: James G. Williams
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1556356366
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 310
Book Description
This book represents the first comprehensive application to the whole Bible of RenŽ Girard's theories on violence, civilization, and religion.

Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple

Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple PDF Author: Jonathan Klawans
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195395840
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 385
Book Description
Ancient Jewish sacrifice has long been misunderstood. Some find in sacrifice the key to the mysterious and violent origins of human culture. Others see these cultic rituals as merely the fossilized vestiges of primitive superstition. Some believe that ancient Jewish sacrifice was doomed from the start, destined to be replaced by the Christian eucharist. Others think that the temple was fated to be superseded by the synagogue. In Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple Jonathan Klawans demonstrates that these supersessionist ideologies have prevented scholars from recognizing the Jerusalem temple as a powerful source of meaning and symbolism to the ancient Jews who worshiped there. Klawans exposes and counters such ideologies by reviewing the theoretical literature on sacrifice and taking a fresh look at a broad range of evidence concerning ancient Jewish attitudes toward the temple and its sacrificial cult. The first step toward reaching a more balanced view is to integrate the study of sacrifice with the study of purity-a ritual structure that has commonly been understood as symbolic by scholars and laypeople alike. The second step is to rehabilitate sacrificial metaphors, with the understanding that these metaphors are windows into the ways sacrifice was understood by ancient Jews. By taking these steps-and by removing contemporary religious and cultural biases-Klawans allows us to better understand what sacrifice meant to the early communities who practiced it. Armed with this new understanding, Klawans reevaluates the ideas about the temple articulated in a wide array of ancient sources, including Josephus, Philo, Pseudepigrapha, the Dead Sea Scrolls, New Testament, and Rabbinic literature. Klawans mines these sources with an eye toward illuminating the symbolic meanings of sacrifice for ancient Jews. Along the way, he reconsiders the ostensible rejection of the cult by the biblical prophets, the Qumran sect, and Jesus. While these figures may have seen the temple in their time as tainted or even defiled, Klawans argues, they too-like practically all ancient Jews-believed in the cult, accepted its symbolic significance, and hoped for its ultimate efficacy.

For René Girard

For René Girard PDF Author: Sandor Goodhart
Publisher: MSU Press
ISBN: 1609171292
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 289
Book Description
In his explorations of the relations between the sacred and violence, René Girard has hit upon the origin of culture—the way culture began, the way it continues to organize itself. The way communities of human beings structure themselves in a manner that is different from that of other species on the planet. Like Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Émile Durkheim, Martin Buber, or others who have changed the way we think in the humanities or in the human sciences, Girard has put forth a set of ideas that have altered our perceptions of the world in which we function. We will never be able to think the same way again about mimetic desire, about the scapegoat mechanism, and about the role of Jewish and Christian scripture in explaining sacrifice, violence, and the crises from which our culture has been born. The contributions fall into roughly four areas of interpretive work: religion and religious study; literary study; the philosophy of social science; and psychological studies. The essays presented here are offered as "essays" in the older French sense of attempts (essayer) or trials of ideas, as indeed Girard has tried out ideas with us. With a conscious echo of Montaigne, then, this hommage volume is titled Essays in Friendship and in Truth.

Jesus and the Temple

Jesus and the Temple PDF Author: Simon J. Joseph
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316483398
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
Most Jesus specialists agree that the Temple incident led directly to Jesus' arrest, but the precise relationship between Jesus and the Temple's administration remains unclear. Jesus and the Temple examines this relationship, exploring the reinterpretation of Torah observance and traditional Temple practices that are widely considered central components of the early Jesus movement. Challenging a growing tendency in contemporary scholarship to assume that the earliest Christians had an almost uniformly positive view of the Temple's sacrificial system, Simon J. Joseph addresses the ambiguous, inconsistent, and contradictory views on sacrifice and the Temple in the New Testament. This volume fills a significant gap in the literature on sacrifice in Jewish Christianity. It introduces a new hypothesis positing Jesus' enactment of a program of radically nonviolent eschatological restoration, an orientation that produced Jesus' conflicts with his contemporaries and inspired the first attributions of sacrificial language to his death.

Conceiving Peace and Violence

Conceiving Peace and Violence PDF Author: Philip L. Tite
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761826767
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 250
Book Description
In this book, Philip Tite explores the role of biblical texts in the promotion of peace and violence. He begins by exploring the function of religious texts as ideological elements, recognizing that the New Testament affects the social construction of 'realities' or cultures within which people read and apply authoritative writings to ethical discussions. Arguing that an 'engaged reading ' of these texts is central within moral discourse, Dr. Tite explores such issues as feminist challenges to biblical ethics, Jewish-Christian relations, and gay and lesbian ethical disputes in Christianity.

The Westminster Theological Wordbook of the Bible

The Westminster Theological Wordbook of the Bible PDF Author: Donald E. Gowan
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
ISBN: 9780664223946
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 582
Book Description
In The Westminster Theological Wordbook of the Bible an outstanding group of biblical scholars explain key theological and ethical words of the Bible (New Revised Standard Version). In its exploring groups of related words and drawing the reader into the meanings of the original Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek, Gowan's Wordbook will prove immensely helpful in understanding important terms such as "Just," "Kingdom of God," "Resurrection," and "Son of Man."

Violence in the New Testament

Violence in the New Testament PDF Author: Shelly Matthews
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 0567397467
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 168
Book Description
While much work has been done on the role of Jews in the crucifixion of Jesus in post-Holocaust biblical scholarship, the question of violence in subsequent community formation remains largely unexamined. New Testament passages suggesting that early Christ-believers were violently persecuted--the "stone throwing" passages from John, the "persecuted from town to town" passages in Matthew, the stoning of Stephen in Acts, Paul's hardship catalogue in II Corinthians, etc.-- are frequently read positivistically as windows onto first century persecution; at the other extreme, they are sometimes dismissed as completely a-historical. In either case, scholars up until now have provided little in the way of methodological reflection on how they have reached such conclusions. A further problematic issue in previous readings of passages suggesting such violence is that the perpetrators of violence are frequently cast as "Jews" while the violated are cast as "Christians," in spite of the growing consensus that it is impossible to tease out these two distinct and separate religious identities, Jew and Christian, from first century texts. This volume takes up crucial methodological questions about how to read passages suggesting violence among Jews in texts that eventually became part of the New Testament canon. It situates this intra-religious violence within the violence of the Roman Imperial order. It provides new readings of these texts that move beyond the "Jew as violator"/"Christian as violated" binary.

Peace, Violence and the New Testament

Peace, Violence and the New Testament PDF Author: Michel Robert Desjardins
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1850757992
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 135
Book Description
Over the centuries, New Testament texts have inspired both peace activism and violence towards others. Most Christians, including New Testament scholars, continue to find peace at the core of these scriptures, and consider that the use of violence misrepresents basic Christian beliefs. This challenging study contends that the New Testament promotes violence as strongly as it promotes peace. Through close analysis of a wide range of texts, Desjardins shows how foundational both peace and violence are in the New Testament, and then suggests that the leading interpretative theories in this area do not do justice to the complexity of the primary sources.

The Dynamics of Violence and Revenge in the Hebrew Book of Esther

The Dynamics of Violence and Revenge in the Hebrew Book of Esther PDF Author: Francisco-Javier Ruiz-Ortiz
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004337024
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 289
Book Description
In The Dynamics of Violence and Revenge, Francisco-Javier Ruiz-Ortiz presents an exegetical study of how the violence and revenge which are integral part of the Hebrew book of Esther structure the book and help passing on its message.

A Genealogy of Violence and Religion

A Genealogy of Violence and Religion PDF Author: James Bernard Murphy
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
ISBN: 1782845453
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 168
Book Description
Why are religious rituals, symbols, and rhetoric so full of images of blood, sacrifice, and death? Why does religious fervor so often lead to Holy War, Crusade, and Jihad? No wonder many people assume that religion tends to give rise to violence. But what if it were the other way around? What if violence actually gave rise to religion? So argued the French literary theorist and anthropologist Rene Girard (1923-2015). Described as the Darwin of the human sciences, he was elected to the French Academy in 2005 for his seminal theories of sacred violence. Girard argued that religious practices function to sublimate, regulate, and discharge human violence in controlled rituals. Where does violence come from? According to Girard, from the social nature of human desire itself. We desire things only because others desire them, so desire is inherently rivalrous, leading to violent conflict. But if a scapegoat can be found, then this war of all against all turns into a war of all against one. Social order, claimed Girard, stems from the unity of a lynch mob. Religious rituals then serve to commemorate the primordial murder of the scapegoat. What are we to make of Girards provocative claims about human desire, violence, scapegoat killings, and religion? Political philosopher James Bernard Murphy presents here a series of sharp and witty dialogues in which Girard attempts to defend his ideas against attacks by rival theorists, among them, Sigmund Freud, William James, Simone Weil, Elias Canetti and Joseph de Maistre. Whatever we might think of his answers, Girard asks challenging, unsettling questions. In these illuminating and lively exchanges, Girard squares off with the titans of social theory.