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Plato and Aristotle in Agreement?

Plato and Aristotle in Agreement? PDF Author: George E. Karamanolis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199264562
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 430
Book Description
George Karamanolis breaks new ground in the study of later ancient philosophy by examining the interplay of the two main schools of thought, Platonism and Aristotelianism, from the first century BC to the third century AD. Arguing against prevailing scholarly assumption, he argues that the Platonists turned to Aristotle only in order to elucidate Plato's doctrines and to reconstruct Plato's philosophy, and that they did not hesitate to criticize Aristotle when judging him to be at odds with Plato. Karamanolis offers much food for thought to ancient philosophers and classicists.

Plato and Aristotle in Agreement?

Plato and Aristotle in Agreement? PDF Author: George E. Karamanolis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199264562
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 430
Book Description
George Karamanolis breaks new ground in the study of later ancient philosophy by examining the interplay of the two main schools of thought, Platonism and Aristotelianism, from the first century BC to the third century AD. Arguing against prevailing scholarly assumption, he argues that the Platonists turned to Aristotle only in order to elucidate Plato's doctrines and to reconstruct Plato's philosophy, and that they did not hesitate to criticize Aristotle when judging him to be at odds with Plato. Karamanolis offers much food for thought to ancient philosophers and classicists.

Plato and Aristotle in Agreement?

Plato and Aristotle in Agreement? PDF Author: George E. Karamanolis
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191532630
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 432
Book Description
George Karamanolis breaks new ground in the study of later ancient philosophy by examining the interplay of the two main schools of thought, Platonism and Aristotelianism, from the first century BC to the third century AD. From the time of Antiochus and for the next four centuries Platonists were strongly preoccupied with the question of how Aristotle's philosophy compared with the Platonic model. Scholars have usually classified Platonists into two groups, the orthodox ones and the eclectics or syncretists, depending on whether Platonists rejected Aristotle's philosophy as a whole or accepted some Peripatetic doctrines. Karamanolis argues against this dichotomy. He argues that Platonists turned to Aristotle only in order to discover and elucidate Plato's doctrines and thus to reconstruct Plato's philosophy, and they did not hesitate to criticize Aristotle when judging him to be at odds with Plato. For them, Aristotle was merely auxlilary to their accessing and understanding Plato. Platonists were guided in their judgement about Aristotle's proximity to, or distance from, Plato by their own assumptions about what Plato's doctrines were. Also crucial for their judgement were their views about which philosophical issues particularly mattered. Given the diversity of views rehearsed in Plato's works, Platonists were flexible enough to decide which were Plato's own doctrines. The real reason behind the rejection of Aristotle's testimony was not to defend the purity of Plato's philosophy, as Platonists sometimes argued in a rhetorical fashion. Aristotle's testimony was rejected, rather, because Platonists assumed that Plato's doctrines were views found in Plato's work which Aristotle had discarded or criticized. The evaluation of Aristotle's testimony on the part of the Platonists also depends on their interpretation of Aristotle himself. This is particularly clear in the case of Porphyry, with whom the ancient discussion reaches a conclusion which most later Platonists accepted. While essentially in agreement with Plotinus's interpretation of Plato, Porphyry interpreted Aristotle in such a way that the latter appeared to agree essentially with Plato on all significant philosophical questions, a view which was dominant until the Renaissance. Karamanolis argues that Porphyry's view of Aristotle's philosophy guided him to become the first Platonist to write commentaries on Aristotle's works.

Plato and Aristotle in Agreement?

Plato and Aristotle in Agreement? PDF Author: George E. Karamanolis
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 736
Book Description


The Aporetic Tradition in Ancient Philosophy

The Aporetic Tradition in Ancient Philosophy PDF Author: George Karamanolis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107110157
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 329
Book Description
The first comprehensive study of the function and value of aporia, or puzzlement, as a key tool in ancient philosophical enquiry.

Pseudo-Aristotle: De Mundo (On the Cosmos)

Pseudo-Aristotle: De Mundo (On the Cosmos) PDF Author: Pavel Gregorić
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108834787
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 259
Book Description
De mundo is a protreptic to philosophy offering a unique view of God and the cosmos, inspired by Aristotle.

Early Modern Aristotle

Early Modern Aristotle PDF Author: Eva Del Soldato
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812296826
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320
Book Description
A reassessment of how the legacy of ancient philosophy functioned in early modern Europe In his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle affirms that despite his friendship with Plato, he was a better friend of the truth. With this statement, he rejected his teacher's authority, implying that the pursuit of philosophy does not entail any such obedience. Yet over the centuries Aristotle himself became the authority par excellence in the Western world, and even notorious anti-Aristotelians such as Galileo Galilei preferred to keep him as a friend rather than to contradict him openly. In Early Modern Aristotle, Eva Del Soldato contends that because the authority of Aristotle—like that of any other ancient, including Plato—was a construct, it could be tailored and customized to serve agendas that were often in direct contrast to one another, at times even in open conflict with the very tenets of Peripatetic philosophy. Arguing that recourse to the principle of authority was not merely an instrument for inculcating minds with an immutable body of knowledge, Del Soldato investigates the ways in which the authority of Aristotle was exploited in a variety of contexts. The stories the five chapters tell often develop along the same chronological lines, and reveal consistent diachronic and synchronic patterns. Each focuses on strategies of negotiation, integration and rejection of Aristotle, considering both macro-phenomena, such as the philosophical genre of the comparatio (that is, a comparison of Aristotle and Plato's lives and doctrines), and smaller-scale receptions, such as the circulation of legends, anecdotes, fictions, and rhetorical tropes ("if Aristotle were alive . . ."), all featuring Aristotle as their protagonist. Through the analysis of surprisingly neglected episodes in intellectual history, Early Modern Aristotle traces how the authority of the ancient philosopher—constantly manipulated and negotiated—shaped philosophical and scientific debate in Europe from the fifteenth century until the dawn of the Enlightenment.

Ancient Readings of Plato’s Phaedo

Ancient Readings of Plato’s Phaedo PDF Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004289542
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 372
Book Description
Unlike the Phaedo itself, its reception in Antiquity remains little studied. By examining the extant commentaries, their sources, and the dialogue’s presence in the reflections of ancient thinkers both inside and outside the Platonic tradition, this volume aims to reconstruct its ancient history.

Plato and Aristotle on Constitutionalism

Plato and Aristotle on Constitutionalism PDF Author: Raymond Polin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429826664
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 346
Book Description
First published in 1998, this volume compares the political ideals and ideas of Plato and Aristotle to examine whether they are relevant in that era of American constitutional crisis. The author, Raymond Polin, felt that debate had been hampered by focusing too strongly on America’s existing constitutional system, and hoped that exploring the roots of Western political tradition and alternative conceptions of constitutionalism might increase the kind of understanding humanity should seek. He considers concepts of constitutionalism, gives summary accounts of the philosophers’ lives and times, identify their key political ideas and reproduces some of their work verbatim, with the aim being to serve as a textbook for constitutional education. It will be of interest to teachers and students of the American system of government.

Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Aristotle in Antiquity

Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Aristotle in Antiquity PDF Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004315403
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 528
Book Description
To date, no comprehensive account has been published to explain the complex phenomenon of the reception of Aristotle’s philosophy in Antiquity. This Companion fills this lacuna by offering broad coverage of the subject from Hellenistic times to the sixth century AD.

Transformative Philosophy

Transformative Philosophy PDF Author: Thomas Wallgren
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739113615
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 528
Book Description
The cross-fruition between analytical philosophy and continental philosophical traditions has stimulated a wide-ranging debate about the role of philosophy and the use of argument and reason in culture. Through a discussion of salient themes in the analytical tradition, in the work of the later Wittgenstein, and in critical theory,Transformative Philosophy articulates a novel conception of philosophy as a transformative care for self and others.