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Georg Forster

Georg Forster PDF Author: Jürgen Goldstein
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022647481X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240
Book Description
“Marvelous. . . . Wonderfully imaginative. . . . Sparkling.”—Wall Street Journal “Stunning. . . . Read this book: in equal measure it will give you hope and trouble your dreams.”—Laura Dassow Walls, author of Henry David Thoreau: A Life and Passage to Cosmos: Alexander von Humboldt’s Shaping of America Georg Forster (1754–94) was in many ways self-taught and rarely had two cents to rub together, but he became one of the most dynamic figures of the Enlightenment: a brilliant writer, naturalist, explorer, illustrator, translator—and a revolutionary. Granted the extraordinary opportunity to sail around the world as part of Captain James Cook’s fabled crew, Forster touched icebergs, walked the beaches of Tahiti, visited far-flung foreign nations, lived with purported cannibals, and crossed oceans and the equator. Forster recounted the journey in his 1777 book A Voyage Round the World, a work of travel and science that not only established Forster as one of the most accomplished stylists of the time—and led some to credit him as the inventor of the literary travel narrative—but also influenced other German trailblazers of scientific and literary writing, most notably Alexander von Humboldt. A superb essayist, Forster made lasting contributions to our scientific—and especially botanical and ornithological—knowledge of the South Seas. Having witnessed more egalitarian societies in the southern hemisphere, Forster returned after more than three years at sea to a monarchist Europe entering the era of revolution. When, following the French Revolution of 1789, French forces occupied the German city of Mainz, Forster became a leading political actor in the founding of the Republic of Mainz—the first democratic state on German soil. In an age of Kantian reason, Forster privileged experience. He claimed a deep connection between nature and reason, nature and politics, nature and revolution. His politics was radical in its understanding of revolution as a natural phenomenon, and in this often overlooked way his many facets—as voyager, naturalist, and revolutionary—were intertwined. Yet, in the constellation of the Enlightenment’s trailblazing naturalists, scientists, political thinkers, and writers, Forster’s star remains relatively dim today: the Republic of Mainz was crushed, and Forster died in exile in Paris. This book is the source of illumination that Forster’s journey so greatly deserves. Tracing the arc of this unheralded polymath’s short life, Georg Forster explores both his contributions to literature and science and the enduring relationship between nature and politics that threaded through his extraordinary four decades.

Georg Forster

Georg Forster PDF Author: Jürgen Goldstein
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022647481X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240
Book Description
“Marvelous. . . . Wonderfully imaginative. . . . Sparkling.”—Wall Street Journal “Stunning. . . . Read this book: in equal measure it will give you hope and trouble your dreams.”—Laura Dassow Walls, author of Henry David Thoreau: A Life and Passage to Cosmos: Alexander von Humboldt’s Shaping of America Georg Forster (1754–94) was in many ways self-taught and rarely had two cents to rub together, but he became one of the most dynamic figures of the Enlightenment: a brilliant writer, naturalist, explorer, illustrator, translator—and a revolutionary. Granted the extraordinary opportunity to sail around the world as part of Captain James Cook’s fabled crew, Forster touched icebergs, walked the beaches of Tahiti, visited far-flung foreign nations, lived with purported cannibals, and crossed oceans and the equator. Forster recounted the journey in his 1777 book A Voyage Round the World, a work of travel and science that not only established Forster as one of the most accomplished stylists of the time—and led some to credit him as the inventor of the literary travel narrative—but also influenced other German trailblazers of scientific and literary writing, most notably Alexander von Humboldt. A superb essayist, Forster made lasting contributions to our scientific—and especially botanical and ornithological—knowledge of the South Seas. Having witnessed more egalitarian societies in the southern hemisphere, Forster returned after more than three years at sea to a monarchist Europe entering the era of revolution. When, following the French Revolution of 1789, French forces occupied the German city of Mainz, Forster became a leading political actor in the founding of the Republic of Mainz—the first democratic state on German soil. In an age of Kantian reason, Forster privileged experience. He claimed a deep connection between nature and reason, nature and politics, nature and revolution. His politics was radical in its understanding of revolution as a natural phenomenon, and in this often overlooked way his many facets—as voyager, naturalist, and revolutionary—were intertwined. Yet, in the constellation of the Enlightenment’s trailblazing naturalists, scientists, political thinkers, and writers, Forster’s star remains relatively dim today: the Republic of Mainz was crushed, and Forster died in exile in Paris. This book is the source of illumination that Forster’s journey so greatly deserves. Tracing the arc of this unheralded polymath’s short life, Georg Forster explores both his contributions to literature and science and the enduring relationship between nature and politics that threaded through his extraordinary four decades.

Wissenschaft als kulturelle Praxis, 1750-1900

Wissenschaft als kulturelle Praxis, 1750-1900 PDF Author: Hans Erich Bödeker
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 9783525354698
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 442
Book Description
Wissenschaftsgeschichte kann sich heute nicht mehr damit begnügen, den Fortschritt der Erkenntnisse zu beschreiben. Vielmehr gilt es, den Blick auf die spezifischen Praktiken der Wissenschaftler zu richten und die kulturellen und gesellschaftlichen Zusammenhänge zu analysieren, in denen bestimmte Wissenschaften entwickelt und verändert wurden. In diesem Band wird Wissenschaft als soziale und kulturelle Praxis untersucht, als ein gesellschaftliches Element unter anderen. Wie wird Wissenschaft produziert und angeeignet? Welche Schritte sind zurückzulegen, bis ein wissenschaftliches Produkt, etwa in Form einer Publikation, gestaltet ist? Welche Verfahrensweisen werden gewählt, um das Ergebnis von der Subjektivität des Forschers abzulösen und es auf die Ebene wissenschaftlicher 'Objektivität' zu heben? Die Autorinnen und Autoren dieses Bandes befassen sich mit so verschiedenen Wissenschaften wie Biologie und Geschichte, Medizin, Ethnographie und Kriminologie in der Periode, in der sich 'moderne Wissenschaft' herausbildete. In übergreifenden Darstellungen und in detaillierten Fallstudien durchbrechen sie immer wieder die Grenzen einzelner Disziplinen, stellen neue Ansätze vor und erproben ungewohnte Fragestellungen.

Islands in History and Representation

Islands in History and Representation PDF Author: Rod Edmond
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000100804
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 256
Book Description
This innovative collection of essays explores the ways in which islands have been used, imagined and theorised, both by island dwellers and continentals. This study considers how island dwellers conceived of themselves and their relation to proximate mainlands, and examines the fascination that islands have long held in the European imagination. The collection addresses the significance of islands in the Atlantic economy of the eighteenth century, the exploration of the Pacific, the important role played by islands in the process of decolonisation, and island-oriented developments in postcolonial writing. Islands were often seen as natural colonies or settings for ideal communities but they were also used as dumping grounds for the unwanted, a practice which has continued into the twentieth century. The collection argues the need for an island-based theory within postcolonial studies and suggests how this might be constructed. Covering a historical span from the eighteenth to the twentieth century, the contributors include literary and postcolonial critics, historians and geographers.

Georg Forster

Georg Forster PDF Author: Thomas P. Saine
Publisher: New York : Twayne Publishers
ISBN:
Category : Authors, German
Languages : en
Pages : 200
Book Description


Literarische Wertung und Kanonbildung

Literarische Wertung und Kanonbildung PDF Author: Nicholas Saul
Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann
ISBN: 9783826035937
Category : Canon (Literature)
Languages : de
Pages : 210
Book Description


Georg Forster

Georg Forster PDF Author: Helmut Peitsch
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 333
Book Description
Johann Georg Adam Forster (1754-1794) accompanied James Cook on his second voyage (1772-1775) and became a Jacobin (1792-1793). His distinctly European outlook as a cultural mediator between England, France, and Germany in scientific and political terms explains, to a large degree, the difficulties that German literary critics had in dealing with Forster's nonfiction writing. The first part of this book relates readings - spanning from the late 1790s through 1989 - of Forster's life and work to the development of institutionalized German studies; the second part discusses the secondary literature on individual texts by Forster guiding the reader to the most important critical analyses.

The Devil's Handwriting

The Devil's Handwriting PDF Author: George Steinmetz
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226772446
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 608
Book Description
Germany’s overseas colonial empire was relatively short lived, lasting from 1884 to 1918. During this period, dramatically different policies were enacted in the colonies: in Southwest Africa, German troops carried out a brutal slaughter of the Herero people; in Samoa, authorities pursued a paternalistic defense of native culture; in Qingdao, China, policy veered between harsh racism and cultural exchange. Why did the same colonizing power act in such differing ways? In The Devil’s Handwriting, George Steinmetz tackles this question through a brilliant cross-cultural analysis of German colonialism, leading to a new conceptualization of the colonial state and postcolonial theory. Steinmetz uncovers the roots of colonial behavior in precolonial European ethnographies, where the Hereros were portrayed as cruel and inhuman, the Samoans were idealized as “noble savages,” and depictions of Chinese culture were mixed. The effects of status competition among colonial officials, colonizers’ identification with their subjects, and the different strategies of cooperation and resistance offered by the colonized are also scrutinized in this deeply nuanced and ambitious comparative history.

Studien zur Wissenschafts- und zur Religionsgeschichte

Studien zur Wissenschafts- und zur Religionsgeschichte PDF Author: Werner Lehfeldt
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110251752
Category : Religion
Languages : de
Pages : 385
Book Description
Der Beitrag von Hans Schneider widmet sich Luthers Reise nach Rom, die dieser noch als Augustinermönch unternommen hat. Ludwig Uhlig widmet sich im zweiten Beitrag dem noch weitgehend unerforschten anthropologischen Werk von Georg Forster. Im Zentrum des Beitrags von Karin Reich steht ein lange verschollener Aufsatz von Euler. In Werner Lehfeldts Beitrag wird die Geschichte von Gauß' Beschäftigung mit der russischen Sprache nachgezeichnet.

Traduction

Traduction PDF Author: Harald Kittel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110171457
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 788
Book Description
This series of HANDBOOKS OF LINGUISTICS AND COMMUNICATION SCIENCE is designed to illuminate a field which not only includes general linguistics and the study of linguistics as applied to specific languages, but also covers those more recent areas which have developed from the increasing body of research into the manifold forms of communicative action and interaction. For "classic" linguistics there appears to be a need for a review of the state of the art which will provide a reference base for the rapid advances in research undertaken from a variety of theoretical standpoints, while in the more recent branches of communication science the handbooks will give researchers both an verview and orientation. To attain these objectives, the series will aim for a standard comparable to that of the leading handbooks in other disciplines, and to this end will strive for comprehensiveness, theoretical explicitness, reliable documentation of data and findings, and up-to-date methodology. The editors, both of the series and of the individual volumes, and the individual contributors, are committed to this aim. The languages of publication are English, German, and French. The main aim of the series is to provide an appropriate account of the state of the art in the various areas of linguistics and communication science covered by each of the various handbooks; however no inflexible pre-set limits will be imposed on the scope of each volume. The series is open-ended, and can thus take account of further developments in the field. This conception, coupled with the necessity of allowing adequate time for each volume to be prepared with the necessary care, means that there is no set time-table for the publication of the whole series. Each volume will be a self-contained work, complete in itself. The order in which the handbooks are published does not imply any rank ordering, but is determined by the way in which the series is organized; the editor of the whole series enlist a competent editor for each individual volume. Once the principal editor for a volume has been found, he or she then has a completely free hand in the choice of co-editors and contributors. The editors plan each volume independently of the others, being governed only by general formal principles. The series editor only intervene where questions of delineation between individual volumes are concerned. It is felt that this (modus operandi) is best suited to achieving the objectives of the series, namely to give a competent account of the present state of knowledge and of the perception of the problems in the area covered by each volume.

The Travelers' World

The Travelers' World PDF Author: Harry LIEBERSOHN
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674040236
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 400
Book Description
An unforgettable voyage filled with delightful characters, dramatic encounters, and rich cultural details, The Travelers' World heralds a moment of intellectual preparation for the modern global era. Harry Liebersohn examines the transformation of global knowledge during the great age of scientific exploration. We now travel effortlessly to distant places, but the questions about perception, truth, and knowledge that these intercontinental mediators faced still resonate.