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Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics

Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics PDF Author: N.J. Balmforth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540429689
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 580
Book Description
Geomorphology deals with some of the most striking patterns of nature. From mountain ranges and mid-ocean ridges to river networks and sand dunes, there is a whole family of forms, structures, and shapes that demand rationalization as well as mathematical description. In the various chapters of this volume, many of these patterns are explored and discussed, and attempts are made to both unravel the reasons for their very existence and to describe their dynamics in quantitative terms. Particular focus is placed on lava and mud flows, ice and snow dynamics, river and coastal morphodynamics and landscape formation. Combining a pedagogical approach with up-to-date reviews of forefront research, this volume will serve both postgraduate students and lecturers in search of advanced textbook material, and experienced researchers wishing to get acquainted with the various physical and mathematical approaches in a range of closely related research fields.

Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics

Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics PDF Author: N.J. Balmforth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540429689
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 580
Book Description
Geomorphology deals with some of the most striking patterns of nature. From mountain ranges and mid-ocean ridges to river networks and sand dunes, there is a whole family of forms, structures, and shapes that demand rationalization as well as mathematical description. In the various chapters of this volume, many of these patterns are explored and discussed, and attempts are made to both unravel the reasons for their very existence and to describe their dynamics in quantitative terms. Particular focus is placed on lava and mud flows, ice and snow dynamics, river and coastal morphodynamics and landscape formation. Combining a pedagogical approach with up-to-date reviews of forefront research, this volume will serve both postgraduate students and lecturers in search of advanced textbook material, and experienced researchers wishing to get acquainted with the various physical and mathematical approaches in a range of closely related research fields.

Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics

Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics PDF Author: N.J. Balmforth
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540456708
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 582
Book Description
Geomorphology deals with some of the most striking patterns of nature. From mountain ranges and mid-ocean ridges to river networks and sand dunes, there is a whole family of forms, structures, and shapes that demand rationalization as well as mathematical description. In the various chapters of this volume, many of these patterns are explored and discussed, and attempts are made to both unravel the reasons for their very existence and to describe their dynamics in quantitative terms. Particular focus is placed on lava and mud flows, ice and snow dynamics, river and coastal morphodynamics and landscape formation. Combining a pedagogical approach with up-to-date reviews of forefront research, this volume will serve both postgraduate students and lecturers in search of advanced textbook material, and experienced researchers wishing to get acquainted with the various physical and mathematical approaches in a range of closely related research fields.

Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Environmental Fluid Mechanics PDF Author: Wolfgang Rodi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203803965
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 456
Book Description
This book contains the written versions of invited lectures presented at the Gerhard H. Jirka Memorial Colloquium on Environmental Fluid Mechanics, held June 3-4, 2011, in Karlsruhe, Germany. Professor Jirka was widely known for his outstanding work in Environmental Fluid Mechanics, and 23 eminent world-leading experts in this field contributed to

Encyclopedia of Geomorphology

Encyclopedia of Geomorphology PDF Author: Andrew Goudie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134482752
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 1200
Book Description
Geomorphology, the discipline which analyzes the history and nature of the earth's surface, deals with the landforms produced by erosion, weathering, deposition, transport and tectonic processes. In recent decades there have been major developments in the discipline and these are reflected in this major Encyclopedia, the first such reference work in the field to be published for thirty-five years. Encyclopedia of Geomorphology has been produced in association with the International Association of Geomorphologists (IAG) and has a truly global perspective. The entries have been written by an international editorial team of contributors, drawn from over thirty countries, who are all among the leading experts in the discipline. In two lavishly illustrated volumes, Encyclopedia contains nearly 700 alphabetically organized entries to provide a comprehensive guide both to specific landforms and to the major types of geomorphological processes that create them. The Encyclopedia also demonstrates the major developments that have taken place in recent years in our knowledge of tectonic and climatic changes and in the use of new techniques such as modelling, remote sensing and process measurement. Older concepts, however, are not forgotten and provide an historical perspective on the development of ideas. Both accessible and authoritative, Encyclopedia of Geomorphology is destined to become the definitive resource for students, researchers and applied practitioners in the field of geomorphology and the cognate disciplines of geography, earth science, sedimentology and environmental science.

Geomorphological Processes

Geomorphological Processes PDF Author: E. Derbyshire
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 042970805X
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 312
Book Description
This book originated from a proposal by one author (J. R. H.) who was subsequently joined by a second (E. D.) and then by a third (K. J. G.). It has taken longer to produce than we expected because of the complications imposed by the distances which the authors have succeeded in putting between themselves during the past three years. The basic objective was to produce a short book which would introduce geomorphological processes to students in the first or second year of their higher education courses. We believed that there was a need for such a book reviewing a range of geomorphological processes which would offer a prelude to the symphonies which are available in books devoted to specific processes and their effects, many of which are sign posted in the lists of further reading at the end of each chapter. We are aware that the range of suitable preludes is wide, but we have endeavoured to compose one which expresses at least some of the recent achieve-ments in the study of geomorphological processes. Emphasis is placed on the nature of processes and upon their controls but the effects of processes in creating landforms are not reviewed in any detail. In addition to the selected references at the end of each chapter, we have collected a bibliography of works cited at the end of the book but this is not intended to be as exhaustive as the references collated in more advanced works.

Physics of Lakes

Physics of Lakes PDF Author: Kolumban Hutter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319004735
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 605
Book Description
The ongoing thread in this volume of Physics of Lakes is the presentation of different methods of investigation for processes taking place in real lakes with a view to understanding lakes as components of the geophysical environment. It is divided into three parts. Part I is devoted to numerical modeling techniques and demonstrates that (i) wind-induced currents in depth-integrated models can only adequately predict current fields for extremely shallow lakes, and (ii) that classical multi-layered simulation models can only adequately reproduce current and temperature distributions when the lake is directly subjected to wind, but not the post-wind oscillating response. This makes shock capturing discretization techniques and Mellor-Yamada turbulence closure schemes necessary, as well as extremely high grid resolution to reduce the excessive numerical diffusion. Part II is devoted to the presentation of principles of observation and laboratory experimental procedures. It details the principles of operation for current, temperature, conductivity and other sensors applied in the field. It also discusses the advantages and limitations of common measuring methods like registration from stationary or drifting buoys, sounding and profiling from a boat, etc. Questions of data accuracy, quality, and reliability are also addressed. The use of laboratory experiments on a rotating platform is based on an exposition of dimensional analysis and model theory and illustrated using Lake Constance as an example. Part III gives an account of the dynamics of lake water as a particle-laden fluid, which, coupled with the transport of the bottom sediments, leads to morphodynamic changes of the bathymetry in estuarine and possibly whole lake regions. An elegant spatially one-dimensional theory makes it possible to derive analytic solutions of deltaic formations which are corroborated by laboratory experiments. A full three-dimensional description of the evolution of the alluvial bathymetry under prescribed tributary sediment input indicates a potential subject for future research.

Arid Dune Ecosystems

Arid Dune Ecosystems PDF Author: Siegmar-W. Breckle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540754989
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 475
Book Description
Sand dune dynamics play a key role in many arid deserts. This volume provides a thorough analysis of a specific sand dune ecosystem, the Nizzana site in the Middle East’s Negev Desert. Describing its climate, as well as its geophysical/geochemical soil properties and ecology, this brilliant work draws out the relationships between the site’s ecological and geomorphological processes, based on long-term monitoring, in situ experiments and satellite imagery.

Environmental Geomechanics

Environmental Geomechanics PDF Author: Bernard Schrefler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118619773
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 544
Book Description
This book covers a range of topics that are of increasingimportance in engineering practice: natural hazards, pollution, andenvironmental protection through good practice. The first half of the book deals with natural risk factors, ofboth natural and human origin, that should be considered:subsidence, accidental infiltration, soil instability, rockslidesand mudslides, debris flow, and degradation of buildings andmonuments due to pollution and climactic effects, for example.These problems are highlighted and it is shown that a combinationof sophisticated numerical techniques and extensive experimentalinvestigations are necessary in order to effectively tackle theseproblems. The second half of the book is devoted to the use of pollutedsites and associated problems, a topic of growing significancegiven the increasing reclamation of land from abandoned industrialsites for urban development over the last 20 years. Different typesof oil pollution and decontamination methods are described,followed by a discussion of waste management and detailed coverageof confinement liners used in surface waste disposal.

Dynamics Of Coastal Systems (Second Edition)

Dynamics Of Coastal Systems (Second Edition) PDF Author: Job Dronkers
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814725161
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 780
Book Description
The book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the physical processes which, according to the present state of knowledge, determine the evolution of coastal systems and their response to human interventions. This response depends to a large degree on the self-organising properties of coastal dynamics, which form a leading theme throughout the book. The basic theoretical ideas are explained in text and figures and also in formulas for the more mathematically inclined reader. Theories are illustrated with examples from estuaries, coastal lagoons, beaches and tidal flat systems from all over the world. The rules and simple models can be used directly without relying on complex computations; much attention is given to the strengths and weaknesses of the underlying theories and their limits of applicability. The book is fully self-contained; some knowledge of basic physics and mathematics is recommended. The book is an upgrade of the first edition. Most parts are rewritten and chapters are added to incorporate research results, new insight and experience of the past ten years. This book is intended for everyone interested in coastal systems for professional or educational reasons.

Hydrodynamics VI: Theory and Applications

Hydrodynamics VI: Theory and Applications PDF Author: Liang Cheng
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482262878
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 692
Book Description
The International Conference on Hydrodynamics is an increasingly important event at which academics, researchers and practitioners can exchange new ideas and their research findings. This volume contains papers from the 2004 conference covering a wide range of subjects within hydrodynamics, including traditional engineering, architectural and mechanical issues as well as significant new technologies and methodologies such as bio-fluid mechanics and computational fluid mechanics.