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The Soul and Its Instrumental Body

The Soul and Its Instrumental Body PDF Author: A. P. Bos
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004130166
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 448
Book Description
Aristotle's definition of the soul should be interpreted as: 'the soul is the entelechy of a natural body that serves as its instrument'. The theory of a fine-corporeal body makes it much easier to understand Aristotle's position between Plato and the Stoics . This correction puts paid to all theories about a development in Aristotle's thought.

The Soul and Its Instrumental Body

The Soul and Its Instrumental Body PDF Author: A. P. Bos
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004130166
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 448
Book Description
Aristotle's definition of the soul should be interpreted as: 'the soul is the entelechy of a natural body that serves as its instrument'. The theory of a fine-corporeal body makes it much easier to understand Aristotle's position between Plato and the Stoics . This correction puts paid to all theories about a development in Aristotle's thought.

Herophilus: The Art of Medicine in Early Alexandria

Herophilus: The Art of Medicine in Early Alexandria PDF Author: Heinrich von Staden
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521236461
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 716
Book Description
Herophilus, a contemporary of Euclid, practiced medicine in Alexandria in the third century B.C., and seems to have been the first Western scientist to dissect the human body. He made especially impressive contributions to many branches of anatomy. Von Staden assembles the fragmentary evidence concerning one of the more important scientists of ancient Greece.

Peripatetic Philosophy in Context

Peripatetic Philosophy in Context PDF Author: Francesco Verde
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110772795
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 254
Book Description
This book deals with some Peripatetic philosophers of the Hellenistic age (such as Theophrastus of Eresus, Eudemus of Rhodes, Strato of Lampsacus, Clearchus of Soli, and Cratippus of Pergamum) who were direct and indirect pupils of Aristotle. The main focus of the book is Aristotle's school in the Hellenistic period, a subject not particularly explored by the scholars. Three main issues are addressed in the chapters of the book: the problem of knowledge, the question of time, and the doctrine of the soul. More specifically the topics addressed are: the problem of sense-perception and the method of multiple explanations in the field of meteorology in Aristotle, Theophrastus and Epicurus, the epistemology of Strato (by comparison with Speusippus’ one), the notion of time in Eudemus and Strato, the conception of sleep in Clearchus, the doctrine of divination in Cratippus. Finally, the Appendix examines the probable influence of the physics of Strato on the medicine of Asclepiades of Bithynia. These themes are investigated by comparing the positions of the Peripatetics with Aristotle's philosophy, but above all (and this is one of the novelties of the book) by contextualising the doctrines of the Peripatetics within the broader framework of Hellenistic philosophies (Old Academy, Epicureanism, and Stoicism).

A History of Ancient Philosophy III

A History of Ancient Philosophy III PDF Author: Giovanni Reale
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780887060274
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 532
Book Description
Reale's volume supplies a synthesis previously lacking--a synthesis in the historical treatment of the great philosophies of the Hellenistic Age: the Academy, the Peripatos, the Stoa, the Garden of Epicurus, Scepticism, and Eclecticism. Reale's extensive and fully documented treatment of the major schools of the period is unified by his thesis that the ethics developed by these major schools were secular faiths that sprang from intuitions about the meaning of life first emotionally grasped and then systematically and rationally developed. It is for this reason that the teachings of these schools endured almost continuously for about 500 years. It is for the same reason that the founders of the schools were considered gods and were actually, in a certain sense, the saints of secular faiths and religions. In this book, Reale traces the decline of the philosophical schools of the classical period, the post-Platonic Academy, the post-Aristotelian Peripatos, and the minor socratic schools. The destruction of the polis and the incapacity of the schools to address the concerns of the new age were the fertile grounds from which the new schools developed. The Garden of Epicurus, the Porch of Zeno, and the sceptical movement initiated by Pyrrho form the core of the volume. The volume contains a select bibliography and an index of names and Greek terms, as well as an index of citations.

The Thirteen Books of Euclid's Elements

The Thirteen Books of Euclid's Elements PDF Author: Thomas L. Heath
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107480426
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 447
Book Description
First published in 1926, this book contains the first volume of a three-volume English translation of the thirteen books of Euclid's Elements.

The Thirteen Books of Euclid's Elements

The Thirteen Books of Euclid's Elements PDF Author: Euclid
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486600882
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 468
Book Description
Contains the complete English text of all thirteen books of the "Elements," along with critical analysis of each definition, postulate, and proposition.

Plato's Academy

Plato's Academy PDF Author: Paul Kalligas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108574289
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 448
Book Description
The Academy was a philosophical school established by Plato that safeguarded the continuity and the evolution of Platonism over a period of about 300 years. Its contribution to the development of Hellenistic philosophical and scientific thinking was decisive, but it also had a major impact on the formation of most of the other philosophical trends emerging during this period. This volume surveys the evidence for the historical and social setting in which the Academy operated, as well as the various shifts in the philosophical outlook of Platonism during its existence. Its contribution to the evolution of special sciences such as mathematics is also examined. The book further includes the first complete annotated translation in English of Philodemus' History of the Academy, preserved on a papyrus from Herculaneum. It thus offers a comprehensive picture of one of the most prominent and influential of all educational institutions in ancient Greece.

Aristotelis Ethica Eudemia. (Eudemi Rhodii Ethica.) Edidit Adolphus Theodorus Hermannus Fritzschius

Aristotelis Ethica Eudemia. (Eudemi Rhodii Ethica.) Edidit Adolphus Theodorus Hermannus Fritzschius PDF Author: Aristotle
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 368
Book Description


Textual Studies in Ancient and Medieval Geometry

Textual Studies in Ancient and Medieval Geometry PDF Author: W.R. Knorr
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461236908
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 864
Book Description
For textual studies relating to the ancient mathematical corpus the efforts by the Danish philologist, 1. L. Heiberg (1854-1928), are especially significant. Beginning with his doctoral dissertation, Quaestiones Archimedeae (Copen hagen, 1879), Heiberg produced an astonishing series of editions and critical studies that remain the foundation of scholarship on Greek mathematical 4 science. For comprehensiveness and accuracy, his editions are exemplary. In his textual studies, as also in the prolegomena to his editions, he carefully described the extant evidence, organized the manuscripts into stemmata, and drew out the implications for the state of the text. 5 With regard to his Archimedean work, Heiberg sometimes betrayed signs of the philologist's occupational disease - the tendency to rewrite a text deemed on subjective grounds to be unworthy. 6 But he did so less often than his prominent 7 contemporaries, and not as to detract appreciably from the value of his editions. In examining textual questions bearing on the Archimedean corpus, he attempted to exploit as much as possible evidence from the ancient commentators, and in some instances from the medieval translations. It is here that opportunities abound for new work, extending, and in some instances superseding, Heiberg's findings. For at his time the availability of the medieval materials was limited. In recent years Marshall Clagett has completed a mammoth critical edition of the medieval Latin tradition of Archimedes,8 while the bibliographical instruments for the Arabic tradition are in good order thanks to the work of Fuat Sezgin.

Cosmic and Meta-Cosmic Theology in Aristotle's Lost Dialogues

Cosmic and Meta-Cosmic Theology in Aristotle's Lost Dialogues PDF Author: A. P. Bos
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004091559
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 274
Book Description