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Self Versus Others

Self Versus Others PDF Author: Julie L. Andsager
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135598940
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 165
Book Description
Self Versus Others explores the third-person effect and its role in media as a means of persuasion. This scholarly work synthesizes more than two decades of research on the third-person effect, the process in which individuals do not perceive themselves to be impacted by particular messages—such as persuaded to engage in risky behaviors or encouraged to be violent—but they believe others will be. Authors Julie L. Andsager and H. Allen White focus their analysis specifically on the role of media and media messages, and assert that the third-person effect functions as a means of persuasion. They explore the underlying concepts and connections this effect shares with established theories of persuasion and mediated communication. The only volume to date focusing on the topic, Self Versus Others demonstrates the significant impact persuasion has on public opinion, behavior, and policy. As such, understanding the means through which persuasion can be accomplished thereby provides a powerful tool. Timely and succinct, this book: *provides thorough synthesis of third-person effect literature; *argues that systematic versus heuristic processing underlies third-person perceptions; and *conceptually links third-person effects with co-orientation. Intended for communication scholars with an interest in persuasion, as well as those in key areas including mass communication, health communication, and political communication, this book is also appropriate for advanced courses in persuasion, communication theory, and campaigns.

Self Versus Others

Self Versus Others PDF Author: Julie L. Andsager
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135598940
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 165
Book Description
Self Versus Others explores the third-person effect and its role in media as a means of persuasion. This scholarly work synthesizes more than two decades of research on the third-person effect, the process in which individuals do not perceive themselves to be impacted by particular messages—such as persuaded to engage in risky behaviors or encouraged to be violent—but they believe others will be. Authors Julie L. Andsager and H. Allen White focus their analysis specifically on the role of media and media messages, and assert that the third-person effect functions as a means of persuasion. They explore the underlying concepts and connections this effect shares with established theories of persuasion and mediated communication. The only volume to date focusing on the topic, Self Versus Others demonstrates the significant impact persuasion has on public opinion, behavior, and policy. As such, understanding the means through which persuasion can be accomplished thereby provides a powerful tool. Timely and succinct, this book: *provides thorough synthesis of third-person effect literature; *argues that systematic versus heuristic processing underlies third-person perceptions; and *conceptually links third-person effects with co-orientation. Intended for communication scholars with an interest in persuasion, as well as those in key areas including mass communication, health communication, and political communication, this book is also appropriate for advanced courses in persuasion, communication theory, and campaigns.

Health, Coping, and Well-being

Health, Coping, and Well-being PDF Author: Bram P. Buunk
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134793103
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 460
Book Description
Over the past decades, the field of health psychology has witnessed a tremendous growth, and social psychologists have contributed substantially to the theoretical foundation of this field. Their research has focused on a wide variety of health-relevant topics such as how individuals decide to respond to threats to their health and well-being, how and why they change their behavior to avoid such threats, and especially, how they adjust to or cope with the risk of threatening disease and with the diseases themselves. As diverse as this literature may be, however, there does appear to be a common theme throughout much of it--the observation that comparison of oneself and one's health status and coping efforts with others is an integral part of the coping process. Consequently, social comparison theory is increasingly becoming recognized as a fruitful framework for illuminating health related issues. A still expanding literature is exploring the role of social comparisons with respect to coping with a wide range of health problems, including cancer, physical decline among the aged, rheumatoid arthritis, AIDS, stress at work and occupational burnout, and eating disorders. Social comparison theory has augmented knowledge about the ways in which people cope with stressful events, and thus has contributed significantly to it. At a more basic level, research in this applied context has made significant contributions to the development of social comparison theory itself. The present volume presents an overview of the various ways in which social comparison theory has been applied to issues related to health, coping, and well-being, and also points out how these applications have contributed to our insight into the way humans employ social comparison information. Given the attention paid to theoretical and applied issues, this volume will appeal to a wide audience, including social and health psychologists, as well as therapists, physicians, clinicians, medical sociologists, nurses, and those involved in the growing field of nursing research.

Handbook of Social Comparison

Handbook of Social Comparison PDF Author: Jerry Suls
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461542375
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 504
Book Description
Comparison of objects, events, and situations is integral to judgment; comparisons of the self with other people comprise one of the building blocks of human conduct and experience. After four decades of research, the topic of social comparison is more popular than ever. In this timely handbook a distinguished roster of researchers and theoreticians describe where the field has been since its development in the early 1950s and where it is likely to go next.

Lessons In Leadership Intelligence - 4th Edition

Lessons In Leadership Intelligence - 4th Edition PDF Author: Dr. James Richard Bean
Publisher: Linus Learning
ISBN: 1607977621
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description


Criminal Belief Systems: An Integrated-Interactive Theory of Lifestyles

Criminal Belief Systems: An Integrated-Interactive Theory of Lifestyles PDF Author: Glenn D. Walters
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 031307738X
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 264
Book Description
Walters integrates information from traditional criminological models and findings from developmental psychology to form a system of five belief systems (self-view, world-view, past-view, present-view, and future-view) designed to explain crime initiation and maintenance. While reviewing belief systems that support crime, Walters also offers a model of change through which belief systems incongruent with crime can be constructed. He begins with a review of six traditional criminological models, each of which is considered to possess sufficient breadth and substance to advance our understanding of crime. Information gathered from these major theoretical systems is integrated wtih research from developmental psychology to create a system of crime-congruent belief systems. The belief systems, along with recent research on attributions, outcome expectancies, efficacy expectancies, values, goals, and thinking styles, are then used to construct a general theroy of crime and explain four specific categories of crime: violent crime, sexual assault, white-collar crime, and drug tafficking. Walters concludes with a model of assisted change whereby belief systems incongruent with crime are initiated and maintained with the intent of helping people abandon crime-congruent lifestyles. This change model revolves around four core elements—responsibility, confidence, meaning, community—each of which is emphasized in a clinician's interactions with clients seeking to abandon crime-congruent lifestyles. As Walters maintains, belief systems are instrumental in both the development and cessation of crime-congruent lifestyles. Of particular interest to scholars, students, researchers, and practitioners involved with criminology, criminal justice, and clinical and correctional psychology.

The Oxford Handbook of Health Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Health Psychology PDF Author: Howard S. Friedman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199711488
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 936
Book Description
The flaws in today's healthcare systems and practices are well-documented: millions remain far from optimal health due to a variety of psychological and social factors; large numbers of patients do not fully cooperate with medical advice; errors in medical decision-making -- some stemming from flaws in interpersonal relations -- regularly lead to needless suffering and death. Further, the effects of emotions, personality, and motivation on healing are not well incorporated into traditional medical care. The Oxford Handbook of Health Psychology compiles the most relevant scholarship from psychology, medicine, and public health to offer a thorough and authoritative model of the biopsychosocial approach to health. A collection of international contributors addresses all relevant concepts in this model, including its applications to health promotion, health behavior change, and treatment.

The International Encyclopedia of Media Effects, 4 Volume Set

The International Encyclopedia of Media Effects, 4 Volume Set PDF Author: Patrick Rössler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118784049
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 2184
Book Description
The International Encyclopedia of Media Effects presents a comprehensive collection of the most up-to-date research on the uses and impacts of media throughout the world. Provides the definitive resource on the most recent findings of media effects research Covers all aspects of the uses and impact of media, utilizing empirical, psychological, and critical research approaches to the field Features over 200 entries contributed by leading international scholars in their associated fields Offers invaluable insights to for students, scholars and professionals studying and working in related fields, and will stimulate new scholarship in emerging fields such as the Internet, Social Media and Mobile Communication Part of The Wiley Blackwell-ICA International Encyclopedias of Communication series, published in conjunction with the International Communication Association. Online version available at Wiley Online Library.

Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Journal of Behavioral Medicine PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Electronic journals
Languages : en
Pages : 646
Book Description


Lifestyle Theory

Lifestyle Theory PDF Author: Glenn D. Walters
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600210334
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 240
Book Description
Lifestyle theory seeks to redress the problems created by psychology's dependence on theoretical mini-models by offering an overarching conceptual framework that combines the insights of yesterday's grand theories with the methodological rigor of today's mini-models. The past, present, and future mentioned in the title of this book refers more to lifestyle theory's ability to clarify the past, present, and future of human experience than the past, present, and future of lifestyle theory.

Social Comparison, Judgment, and Behavior

Social Comparison, Judgment, and Behavior PDF Author: Jerry Suls
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190629118
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 681
Book Description
Comparison with other people, a core element of social life, influences self-concept, attitudes, conformity, psychological and physical well-being, achievement, educational outcomes, and social movements. Social comparison has become particularly salient as social and income inequalities have been increasingly recognized in the United States and elsewhere globally. This volume presents classic and state-of-the-science chapters by leading experts that survey the major areas of social comparison theory and research. Authored by noted experts, the volume is divided into three sections: Basic Comparison Processes, Neighboring Fields, and Applications. The first section is comprised of chapters that update classic theories and present contemporary advances, such as the dominating effect of local versus global comparisons, an analysis of the psychology of competition, how comparisons across different domains influence self-concept and achievement, and the integral connections between stereotyping and comparison. The second section introduces perspectives from related fields, such as the decision and network sciences, that shed new light on social comparison. The third section focuses on practical applications of comparison, including relative deprivation, health psychology, the effects of income inequality on well-being, and the relationship of power to comparison. This volume is a must-read for anyone interested in the field of social comparison and its implications for everyday life.