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Conflict Resolution Beyond the Realist Paradigm

Conflict Resolution Beyond the Realist Paradigm PDF Author: Philip Gamaghelyan
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 3838270576
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 293
Book Description
Conflict Resolution holds the promise of freeing approaches and policies with regard to politics of identity from the fatalistic grip of realism. While the conceptual literature on identity and conflicts has moved in this alternative direction, conflict resolution practice continues to rely on realist frames and acts as an unwanted auxiliary to traditional international relations. Perpetuation of conflict discourses, marginalization, and exclusion of affected populations are widespread. They are caused by the overreliance of conflict resolution practice on the binary frames of classic IR paradigms and also by the competitive and hierarchical relationships within the field. Philip Gamaghelyan relies on participatory action research and collective autoethnography to expose patterns of exclusion and marginalization as well as the paradoxical reproduction of conflict-promoting frames in current conflict-resolution practice applied to the Nagorno-Karabakh and Syrian crises. He builds on the work of postmodernist scholars, on reflective practice, and on discourse analysis to explore alternative and inclusive strategies with a transformative potential. The IR discipline that has dominated policymaking is only one possible lens, and often a deficient one, for defining, preventing, or resolving contemporary conflicts wrapped in identity politics. Other conceptual frameworks can help to rethink our understanding of identity and conflicts and reconstruct them as performative and not static phenomena. These transformative frameworks are increasingly influential in the conflict resolution field and can be applied to policymaking.

Conflict Resolution Beyond the Realist Paradigm

Conflict Resolution Beyond the Realist Paradigm PDF Author: Philip Gamaghelyan
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 3838270576
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 293
Book Description
Conflict Resolution holds the promise of freeing approaches and policies with regard to politics of identity from the fatalistic grip of realism. While the conceptual literature on identity and conflicts has moved in this alternative direction, conflict resolution practice continues to rely on realist frames and acts as an unwanted auxiliary to traditional international relations. Perpetuation of conflict discourses, marginalization, and exclusion of affected populations are widespread. They are caused by the overreliance of conflict resolution practice on the binary frames of classic IR paradigms and also by the competitive and hierarchical relationships within the field. Philip Gamaghelyan relies on participatory action research and collective autoethnography to expose patterns of exclusion and marginalization as well as the paradoxical reproduction of conflict-promoting frames in current conflict-resolution practice applied to the Nagorno-Karabakh and Syrian crises. He builds on the work of postmodernist scholars, on reflective practice, and on discourse analysis to explore alternative and inclusive strategies with a transformative potential. The IR discipline that has dominated policymaking is only one possible lens, and often a deficient one, for defining, preventing, or resolving contemporary conflicts wrapped in identity politics. Other conceptual frameworks can help to rethink our understanding of identity and conflicts and reconstruct them as performative and not static phenomena. These transformative frameworks are increasingly influential in the conflict resolution field and can be applied to policymaking.

The Palgrave Handbook of Conflict and History Education in the Post-Cold War Era

The Palgrave Handbook of Conflict and History Education in the Post-Cold War Era PDF Author: Luigi Cajani
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030057224
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 800
Book Description
This Handbook provides a systematic and analytical approach to the various dimensions of international, ethnic and domestic conflict over the uses of national history in education since the end of the Cold War. With an upsurge in political, social and cultural upheaval, particularly since the fall of state socialism in Europe, the importance of history textbooks and curricula as tools for influencing the outlooks of entire generations is thrown into sharp relief. Using case studies from 58 countries, this book explores how history education has had the potential to shape political allegiances and collective identities. The contributors highlight the key issues over which conflict has emerged – including the legacies of socialism and communism, war, dictatorships and genocide – issues which frequently point to tensions between adhering to and challenging the idea of a cohesive national identity and historical narrative. Global in scope, the Handbook will appeal to a diverse academic audience, including historians, political scientists, educationists, psychologists, sociologists and scholars working in the field of cultural and media studies.

International Relations in India: Bringing theory back home

International Relations in India: Bringing theory back home PDF Author: Kanti P. Bajpai
Publisher: Orient Blackswan
ISBN: 9788125026396
Category : India
Languages : en
Pages : 560
Book Description
This Reader Is A Collection Of First-Rate Theoretical Engagements Relating To International Relations From Across India. The Class Character Of Contemporary International Law, Reassessing The Conceptual Foundations Of Imperialism, Mapping Human Security, Evaluating The Gaze Of Orientalism And Defending The Analytical Relevance Of Gender As A Lens To Examine National Security Are Issues Covered In The Theoretical Ambit Of This Volume. The Book Also Addresses Two Other Core Issues: Contesting The Delhi-Centricity Of The Discipline And Acknowledging The Relevance Of Theory To Policy.

Religion in World Conflict

Religion in World Conflict PDF Author: Jonathan Fox
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317983785
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 200
Book Description
This new book tackles two crucial questions: First, how does religion in its various forms and manifestations influence world politics? Second, how will adding religion to the discourse on international relations modify our theoretical understanding? Each of these leading authors addresses different aspects of these questions in different contexts providing a diverse and multifaceted view of the topic. Susanna Pearce and Tanja Ellingsen examine the religious causes of conflict on the macro-level. Several of the contributors focus on specific conflicts. The Gaurav Ghose and Patrick James examine the Kashmir conflict from the Pakistani perspective and Carolyn James and Ozgur. Ozdamar examine it from the Indian perspective. Similarly Hillel Frisch examines the Palestinian-ISraeli conflict from the Palestinian perspective and Jonathan Rynhold examines it from the Israeli perspective. Finally, two of the authors examine other important issues. Stuart Cohen examines the evolution of the religious view of war in the Jewish tradition and Yehudit Auerbach examines whether can play a role in conflict resolution and reconciliation. These assessments deliver fascinating conclusions. This book was previously published as a Special Issue of Terrorism and Violence.

Neoclassical Realist Theory of International Politics

Neoclassical Realist Theory of International Politics PDF Author: Norrin M. Ripsman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199899258
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 209
Book Description
"Neoclassical realism is a major theoretical approach to the study of foreign policy. Norrin M. Ripsman, Jeffrey W. Taliaferro, and Steven E. Lobell argue that it can explain and predict a far broader range of political phenomena in international politics. Neoclassical realism challenges other approaches, including structural realism, liberalism, and constructivism"--

Context and Pretext in Conflict Resolution

Context and Pretext in Conflict Resolution PDF Author: Kevin Avruch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317262050
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
Book Description
Written by a distinguished scholar, this book explores themes of culture, identity, and power as they relate to conceptions of practice in conflict resolution and peacebuilding. Among the topics covered are ethnic and identity conflicts; culture, relativism and human rights; post-conflict trauma and reconciliation; and modeling varieties of conflict resolution practice. Context and Pretext in Conflict Resolution is the winner of the 2014 Conflict Research Society Book of the Year Prize.

Beyond Paradigms

Beyond Paradigms PDF Author: Rudra Sil
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1137013591
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240
Book Description
While paradigm-bound research has generated powerful insights in international relations, it has fostered a tunnel vision that hinders progress and widens the chasm between theory and policy. In this important new book, Sil and Katzenstein draw upon recent scholarship to illustrate the benefits of a more pragmatic and eclectic style of research.

Believers, Skeptics, and Failure in Conflict Resolution

Believers, Skeptics, and Failure in Conflict Resolution PDF Author: Ian S. Spears
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030141446
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 241
Book Description
This book discusses the following questions: Why are some conflicts so enduring and why is conflict resolution so hard? The author begins by introducing two conflicting perspectives, Skeptics and Believers, to highlight the lack of consensus on conflict resolution. The book further examines the literature on the sources of violent conflict, including ethnic, economic, environmental, and religious sources, and investigates the claim that an absence of knowledge, power, or political will are at the center of conflict resolution failures. By focusing on the problem of state formation, the author demonstrates the ways in which the nature of the state contributes to violent conflict. In the end, conflict resolution fails because individuals, groups, and external powers choose war and often prefer it over peaceful alternatives.

Conflict and Peace in Eurasia

Conflict and Peace in Eurasia PDF Author: Debidatta Aurobinda Mahapatra
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415632781
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 231
Book Description
Focusing on a range of Eurasian conflicts, including Nagorno-Karabakh, South Ossetia and Abkhazia, this book offers contemporary perspectives on the ongoing conflicts in the Eurasia, with an emphasis on the attempts towards peace. The book brings into focus how various factors such as ethnicity, religion, border disputes, resources, and animosities inherited from the past play crucial role in these conflicts. It questions whether developments in Eurasia affect other conflicts across the globe, and if differences between parties can be resolved without pulling the relations beyond adjustable limits. The book goes on to look at how tricky the path to peace would be, and furthers the development of a framework of study of Eurasian conflicts in the post-Soviet world, while taking into account both internal and external variables in analyzing these conflicts. It is a useful contribution to Central Asian and Caucasian Politics and Security Studies.

Theories of International Relations

Theories of International Relations PDF Author: M. Sullivan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230107338
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 317
Book Description
This book is a synthetic historiography of present-day international relations theory, a critical analysis of the continuing diversity and complexity of enduring themes through a sustained focus on the analysis of the empirical evidence accumulated by social scientists. Special attention is given to key historical changes in theoretical approaches over the past half-century with full recognition of the contestation over state-based theory, and the changing fortunes of contemporary approaches. The book suggests that viable theories must transcend current intellectual fashion, and attempts to bring together theory and practice while demonstrating the difficulty of assessing competing theories. It addresses multiple strands of thought and assumes that their development cannot be understood in isolation from each other.